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Question 66.Which of the following statements is part of Thorndike's Law of Effect?
Question 77.Based on the Premack Principle, what kind of motivation is guiding our behavior when we are engaged in a hobby?
Question 88.When Thorndike started his experiments, he believed that if _____ behavior got rewarded, the subjects of study were more likely to repeat that behavior.
Question 99.Mrs. García has planned a shaping program. The first thing that she did was to clearly define the target behavior, and then she decided when to deliver the _____. Based on how Mrs. Garcia is planning the shaping program, it is likely it will succeed.
Question 1010.Why is scheduling useful in reinforcement?
Question 1111.Megumi is currently in finals week, and she has to study for six different subjects in school. Her favorite subject is English, and her least favorite subject is psychology. In order to motivate herself to study psychology, she tells herself that after studying psychology, she'll be able to skip right to English. Megumi is motivating herself using what concept from psychology?
Question 1212.Which of the following is an example of intrinsic reinforcement?
Question 1313.On the first day of kindergarten Mrs. Rose's class appears nervous. Mrs. Rose allows the children to have free time to color and play with clay. Each day during the first week of school, Mrs. Rose allows the children free time. By the end of the first week, the children appear calm and enter the room with happy faces. For the children, the kindergarten classroom has become the
Question 1414.John Watson experiment involved the unconditioned stimulus of _____.
Question 1515.Watson was able to condition the baby to _____.
Question 1616.McDonald's using Olympic athletes in its ads is classical conditioning because _____.
Question 1717.A child's weekly allowance is an example of a _____.
Question 1818.The Premack Principle suggests that _____.
Question 1919.Giving a lab rat food every third time it presses a lever is an example of a _____.
Question 2020.Playing a slot machine, which provides inconsistently occurring payouts, is an example of a _____.
Question 2121.Who was the behaviorist who developed the Operant Conditioning Chamber?
Question 2222.Secondary, or conditioned, reinforcement is:
Question 2323.What is negative reinforcement?
Question 2424.A shaping program incorporates all of the following, EXCEPT:
Question 2525.Sara feels anxious about solving fraction problems. Soon, Sara becomes anxious about attempting any mathematical problems. This is a phenomenon known as:
Question 2626.Mr. O'Malley tells his students that if they all complete a difficult worksheet on time, they will be able to have an extra five minutes of recess. By letting the students enjoy a preferred activity after completing a less preferred activity, Mr. O'Malley is utilizing what basic psychological idea?
Question 2727.Shaping involves reinforcing behaviors that _____.
Question 2828.Mr. Zee claps his hands and his students immediately become silent. What is the clap?
Question 2929.An instructor was doing a demonstration with her class. She had the students form pairs and look in each other's eyes. She then suddenly turned off the lights and blew a whistle. She repeated this process several times. Finally, she blew the whistle but left the lights on. To the amazement of the students as they watched, the pupils of their eyes began to dilate. Seeing the eyes dilate after the whistle blew with the lights on is an example of:
Question 3030.Which of these is NOT a step in the shaping process?
Behavioral Influences on Learning Chapter Exam Instructions
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