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Behavioral Perspective in Psychology: Help and Review Chapter Exam

Exam Instructions:

Choose your answers to the questions and click 'Next' to see the next set of questions. You can skip questions if you would like and come back to them later with the yellow "Go To First Skipped Question" button. When you have completed the practice exam, a green submit button will appear. Click it to see your results. Good luck!

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Question 1 1. Sara feels anxious about solving fraction problems. Soon, Sara becomes anxious about attempting any mathematical problems. This is a phenomenon known as:

Question 2 2. Mr. Zee claps his hands and his students immediately become silent. What is the clap?

Question 3 3. Who was the behaviorist who developed the Operant Conditioning Chamber?

Question 4 4. Giving a lab rat food every third time it presses a lever is an example of a _____.

Question 5 5. John Watson's experiments involved the unconditioned stimulus of _____ with the conditioned stimulus of _____.

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Question 6 6. Shaping involves reinforcing behaviors that _____.

Question 7 7. In Watson's experiment, the baby initially _____.

Question 8 8. Which classroom technique listed below is currently banned by over half of the states in the United States?

Question 9 9. Fishing, in which you may catch something after 15 minutes, then another after 45 minutes, then another after two hours, is an example of a _____.

Question 10 10. Playing a slot machine, which provides inconsistently occurring payouts, is an example of a _____.

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Question 11 11. _____ are examples of primary reinforcers.

Question 12 12. Mr. Runningbear has a classroom reward system in which students earn one replica dollar each time they complete their homework on time. Students can then use these dollars to purchase items such as stickers or posters from a classroom store. Which technique is used in this example?

Question 13 13. What is negative reinforcement?

Question 14 14. Ms. Greenberg realizes that one of her students has been misbehaving in class to get the attention from her. Ms. Greenberg decides to simply ignore the behavior until the student stops associating the behavior with the reward her attention. Which technique is used in this example?

Question 15 15. A shaping program should be continued until the student can _____.

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Question 16 16. Why is scheduling useful in reinforcement?

Question 17 17. What is the difference between negative reinforcement and punishment?

Question 18 18. An instructor was doing a demonstration with her class. She had the students form pairs and look in each other's eyes. She then suddenly turned off the lights and blew a whistle. She repeated this process several times. Finally, she blew the whistle but left the lights on. To the amazement of the students as they watched, the pupils of their eyes began to dilate. Seeing the eyes dilate after the whistle blew with the lights on is an example of:

Question 19 19. Which of the following answer choices best reflects considerations teachers must take when using the extinction technique?

Question 20 20. Megumi is currently in finals week, and she has to study for six different subjects in school. Her favorite subject is English, and her least favorite subject is psychology. In order to motivate herself to study psychology, she tells herself that after studying psychology, she'll be able to skip right to English. Megumi is motivating herself using what concept from psychology?

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Question 21 21. Secondary, or conditioned, reinforcement is:

Question 22 22. Which of these situations best exemplifies the use of the satiation technique?

Question 23 23. Mr. O'Malley tells his students that if they all complete a difficult worksheet on time, they will be able to have an extra five minutes of recess. By letting the students enjoy a preferred activity after completing a less preferred activity, Mr. O'Malley is utilizing what basic psychological idea?

Question 24 24. A child's weekly allowance is an example of a _____.

Question 25 25. Classical conditioning involves _____.

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Question 26 26. Mrs. García has planned a shaping program. The first thing that she did was to clearly define the target behavior, and then she decided when to deliver the _____. Based on how Mrs. Garcia is planning the shaping program, it is likely it will succeed.

Question 27 27. Which of the following statements is part of Thorndike's Law of Effect?

Question 28 28. McDonald's using Olympic athletes in its ads is classical conditioning because _____.

Question 29 29. The Premack Principle states that you can guess what behaviors a particular individual enjoys more or less based on observing what aspect of those behaviors?

Question 30 30. Based on the Premack Principle, what kind of motivation is guiding our behavior when we are engaged in a hobby?

Behavioral Perspective in Psychology: Help and Review Chapter Exam Instructions

Choose your answers to the questions and click 'Next' to see the next set of questions. You can skip questions if you would like and come back to them later with the yellow "Go To First Skipped Question" button. When you have completed the practice exam, a green submit button will appear. Click it to see your results. Good luck!

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