Cognitive Influences on Learning Chapter Exam

Exam Instructions:

Choose your answers to the questions and click 'Next' to see the next set of questions. You can skip questions if you would like and come back to them later with the yellow "Go To First Skipped Question" button. When you have completed the practice exam, a green submit button will appear. Click it to see your results. Good luck!

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Question 1 1. According to research, how many pieces of information can be used by short-term memory at any given time?

Question 2 2. Topher was at a party and met a girl who gave him her phone number. The next day, he can't remember the number, so he goes back to the room where the party occurred as a way of trying to remember it. Topher is trying to use what memory phenomenon to help him in this example?

Question 3 3. Swasti enjoys bird-watching, and she has memorized facts about dozens of bird species. However, when she tries to learn about a new species discovered in Brazil, her previous information about birds makes it harder for her to remember the new information. What memory problem has Swasti experienced in this example?

Question 4 4. In order to remember a list of steps to shoot a rifle, which are Breath, Relax, Aim, Sight, Squeeze, Maria just remembers the word 'BRASS.' Which mnemonic device has Maria used here?

Question 5 5. Every time Zion solves word problems, he approaches the problems in the exact same way. As the problems become more complicated, Zion has trouble solving them because he cannot think creatively. Which of the following tendencies is an example of his habitual approach to solving word problems?

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Question 6 6. Mr. Fukami often confuses his students when he gives them exams, because his questions are unclear. The students complain that they don't understand what type of answer he wants, and therefore they do badly on the tests. Psychologists might argue that Mr. Fukami's difficulty is that his questions are _____.

Question 7 7. In order to remember all four compass directions, young Luc simply remembers the sentence 'Never Eat Sour Watermelons,' in which the first letter of each word is a cue for North, East, South, and West. Which mnemonic device has Luc used here?

Question 8 8. Yasif hit his head on the diving board at school. After he woke up, he realized that he couldn't remember anything about the swim meet that had been happening before his dive. Which kind of amnesia is Yasif experiencing?

Question 9 9. Sensory memories include:

Question 10 10. Kevin is good at music. He likes to compose new tunes and then writes creative lyrics to them. This shows which type of thinking?

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Question 11 11. George learns Spanish, then he starts to learn French. He realizes that many words sound similar between the two languages, so knowing Spanish helps him to learn French. Which type of Transfer of Information has occurred?

Question 12 12. Carlos was in a car accident when he was 47 years old in which he hit his head on the steering wheel. Even though it's now six years later, Carlos thinks he's still 47 and doesn't remember anything that's happened over the last six years. Which kind of amnesia is Carlos experiencing?

Question 13 13. The Two-Store Model of Memory suggests that there are three basic types of memory. What are those three types?

Question 14 14. Josephine witnessed a man murder a woman on the street. Even though she was not physically harmed in the event, ever since that day, she has not been able to remember her name or anything about her own identity. Which kind of amnesia is Josephine experiencing?

Question 15 15. How skills or knowledge that students have learned about one topic affect their learning of skills or knowledge in another topic or area is called what?

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Question 16 16. Sarah is in second grade and usually uses a ruler to draw straight lines. When she can't find her ruler she decides to use the side of her pencil box instead, even though no one has taught her this possible use of the pencil box. Sarah's creative solution shows that she is not suffering from the barrier of _____.

Question 17 17. The ancient Greeks were one of the earliest cultures to create specific constellations based on groups of stars in the night sky. Which Gestalt principle was most helpful to them in this task?

Question 18 18. In the IDEAL Strategy, what does the letter 'D' stand for?

Question 19 19. General 'mental short-cuts' or quick decision-making rules, such as, 'you get what you pay for' or 'shorter lines move more quickly' could be considered what type of problem-solving strategy?

Question 20 20. How do response sets obstruct creative thinking?

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Question 21 21. Ian enjoys learning about different kinds of bird song. After he hears a bird sing, for just a couple of seconds, he can remember exactly what that bird sounded like, which helps him learn the difference between the birds. What type of memory is responsible for this auditory ability?

Question 22 22. Raj is asked to remember a list of eight words. When tested on the words later, he can only remember the first three words on the list. Raj's results reflect which phenomenon from short-term memory?

Question 23 23. Stacy is asked to remember a list of eight words. When she takes the test later, she only remembers the last two words that appeared at the end of the list. Stacy's results reflect which phenomenon from short-term memory?

Question 24 24. Think about the following letters: J B Y C K. According to the serial position curve, if people were asked to remember this list of letters, which letter is most likely to be forgotten?

Question 25 25. Even though a mailbox appears in front of the image of the house, our brains automatically fill in the 'missing' part of the house image. Which Gestalt principle is most helpful here?

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Question 26 26. In order for a memory to be successfully used, it must go through three stages. What is the correct order of these three stages?

Question 27 27. Iconic memory lasts about _____, whereas Echoic memory lasts about _____.

Question 28 28. A veteran chef may chop an onion by relying on her:

Question 29 29. How can brainstorming encourage creative thinking?

Question 30 30. Jack must attend a funeral. Even though he has never been to a funeral before, he knows what to expect due to seeing funerals on TV and asking his friends about their experiences. His general expectation and idea for how funerals work is an example of what psychological concept?

Cognitive Influences on Learning Chapter Exam Instructions

Choose your answers to the questions and click 'Next' to see the next set of questions. You can skip questions if you would like and come back to them later with the yellow "Go To First Skipped Question" button. When you have completed the practice exam, a green submit button will appear. Click it to see your results. Good luck!

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