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Cognitive Perspective in Psychology: Tutoring Solution Chapter Exam

Exam Instructions:

Choose your answers to the questions and click 'Next' to see the next set of questions. You can skip questions if you would like and come back to them later with the yellow "Go To First Skipped Question" button. When you have completed the practice exam, a green submit button will appear. Click it to see your results. Good luck!

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Question 1 1. In the IDEAL Strategy, what does the letter 'D' stand for?

Question 2 2. Carlos was in a car accident when he was 47 years old in which he hit his head on the steering wheel. Even though it's now six years later, Carlos thinks he's still 47 and doesn't remember anything that's happened over the last six years. Which kind of amnesia is Carlos experiencing?

Question 3 3. Iconic memory lasts about _____, whereas Echoic memory lasts about _____.

Question 4 4. A memory that relies on hearing sounds is a(n):

Question 5 5. What larger, general memory improvement strategy do acronyms and the acrostic method fall within?

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Question 6 6. Hanna isn't sure what topic to pick for her public speaking class, so she decides to draw out possible solutions in a visual way, to help her explore the options. She writes down different ideas, circles them, then draws lines connecting different related ideas. Which problem-solving strategy is Hanna using?

Question 7 7. When we organize our world into frameworks or categories and those categories have multiple layers, the lower-level layers are called _____.

Question 8 8. The ancient Greeks were one of the earliest cultures to create specific constellations based on groups of stars in the night sky. Which Gestalt principle was most helpful to them in this task?

Question 9 9. Many techniques have been designed to improve memory, such as the keyword technique and the method of loci. What is the term used for these memory improvement techniques and strategies?

Question 10 10. Long-term memories include all of the following EXCEPT:

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Question 11 11. How do response sets obstruct creative thinking?

Question 12 12. Ian enjoys learning about different kinds of bird song. After he hears a bird sing, for just a couple of seconds, he can remember exactly what that bird sounded like, which helps him learn the difference between the birds. What type of memory is responsible for this auditory ability?

Question 13 13. Sarah draws several pictures on her pad of paper, such that when she 'flips' through the pictures quickly, it looks like the pictures are a series of moving images. What type of memory is responsible for this visual illusion?

Question 14 14. Stacy is asked to remember a list of eight words. When she takes the test later, she only remembers the last two words that appeared at the end of the list. Stacy's results reflect which phenomenon from short-term memory?

Question 15 15. Mr. Fukami often confuses his students when he gives them exams, because his questions are unclear. The students complain that they don't understand what type of answer he wants, and therefore they do badly on the tests. Psychologists might argue that Mr. Fukami's difficulty is that his questions are _____.

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Question 16 16. Every time Zion solves word problems, he approaches the problems in the exact same way. As the problems become more complicated, Zion has trouble solving them because he cannot think creatively. Which of the following tendencies is an example of his habitual approach to solving word problems?

Question 17 17. Raj is asked to remember a list of eight words. When tested on the words later, he can only remember the first three words on the list. Raj's results reflect which phenomenon from short-term memory?

Question 18 18. The Two-Store Model of Memory suggests that there are three basic types of memory. What are those three types?

Question 19 19. So that he can remember to buy for everyone on his shopping list, Claude visually imagines each item in a different room in his house. When he gets to the store, he mentally 'walks' through his house to remember the items. Which mnemonic device has Claude used here?

Question 20 20. General 'mental short-cuts' or quick decision-making rules, such as, 'you get what you pay for' or 'shorter lines move more quickly' could be considered what type of problem-solving strategy?

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Question 21 21. George learns Spanish, then he starts to learn French. He realizes that many words sound similar between the two languages, so knowing Spanish helps him to learn French. Which type of Transfer of Information has occurred?

Question 22 22. A specific type of schema that tells us the particular order of events we expect to occur in a given context is called a(n) _____.

Question 23 23. Which of the five senses is the basic mechanism routinely used by short-term memory?

Question 24 24. Sensory memories include:

Question 25 25. Even though a mailbox appears in front of the image of the house, our brains automatically fill in the 'missing' part of the house image. Which Gestalt principle is most helpful here?

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Question 26 26. The process of _____ is what happens when sensory neurons send signals to the brain, whereas the process of _____ is what happens when the brain interprets these signals as meaningful events, images, or ideas.

Question 27 27. According to research, how many pieces of information can be used by short-term memory at any given time?

Question 28 28. Whenever there is a problem, Mark always comes up with a new, original and unique solution that no one else has thought about before. We could say that Mark is very _____.

Question 29 29. A concept or category for which a person has a lot of clear, accurate, useful information is referred to as a _____.

Question 30 30. How can brainstorming encourage creative thinking?

Cognitive Perspective in Psychology: Tutoring Solution Chapter Exam Instructions

Choose your answers to the questions and click 'Next' to see the next set of questions. You can skip questions if you would like and come back to them later with the yellow "Go To First Skipped Question" button. When you have completed the practice exam, a green submit button will appear. Click it to see your results. Good luck!

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