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Cognitive Perspective in Psychology Chapter Exam

Exam Instructions:

Choose your answers to the questions and click 'Next' to see the next set of questions. You can skip questions if you would like and come back to them later with the yellow "Go To First Skipped Question" button. When you have completed the practice exam, a green submit button will appear. Click it to see your results. Good luck!

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Question 1 1. Yasif hit his head on the diving board at school. After he woke up, he realized that he couldn't remember anything about the swim meet that had been happening before his dive. Which kind of amnesia is Yasif experiencing?

Question 2 2. In order to remember all four compass directions, young Luc simply remembers the sentence 'Never Eat Sour Watermelons,' in which the first letter of each word is a cue for North, East, South, and West. Which mnemonic device has Luc used here?

Question 3 3. Mr. Fukami often confuses his students when he gives them exams, because his questions are unclear. The students complain that they don't understand what type of answer he wants, and therefore they do badly on the tests. Psychologists might argue that Mr. Fukami's difficulty is that his questions are _____.

Question 4 4. The process of _____ is what happens when sensory neurons send signals to the brain, whereas the process of _____ is what happens when the brain interprets these signals as meaningful events, images, or ideas.

Question 5 5. Swasti enjoys bird-watching, and she has memorized facts about dozens of bird species. However, when she tries to learn about a new species discovered in Brazil, her previous information about birds makes it harder for her to remember the new information. What memory problem has Swasti experienced in this example?

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Question 6 6. George learns Spanish, then he starts to learn French. He realizes that many words sound similar between the two languages, so knowing Spanish helps him to learn French. Which type of Transfer of Information has occurred?

Question 7 7. A specific type of schema that tells us the particular order of events we expect to occur in a given context is called a(n) _____.

Question 8 8. Whenever there is a problem, Mark always comes up with a new, original and unique solution that no one else has thought about before. We could say that Mark is very _____.

Question 9 9. Jean-Phillip likes to draw bar graphs of his spending habits, to help him understand his expenses so he can manage his money. What general type of problem-solving strategy is Jean-Phillip using?

Question 10 10. When we organize our world into frameworks or categories and those categories have multiple layers, the lower-level layers are called _____.

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Question 11 11.

Fill in the blanks:

When your brain transforms sensory experiences into meaningful ideas that can be processed and understood it is called (BLANK). When your mind does something so often that it occurs without your conscious thought process, it is called (BLANK).

Question 12 12. Which of the following statements regarding schemata is not true?

Question 13 13. Josephine witnessed a man murder a woman on the street. Even though she was not physically harmed in the event, ever since that day, she has not been able to remember her name or anything about her own identity. Which kind of amnesia is Josephine experiencing?

Question 14 14. The magic number of seven plus or minus two refers to the number of pieces of information capable of being stored into which type of memory?

Question 15 15. A student at a high school football game can see that the football players and cheerleaders are both scattered around the field, but he can easily tell them apart and find them because of their uniforms. Which Gestalt principle is most helpful here?

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Question 16 16.

Fill in the blank:

(BLANK) is used when solving a well-defined, straightforward, correct answer to a problem. (BLANK) is used when solving an abstract or new problem that has many possible answers, solutions, or outcomes.

Question 17 17. Mnemonic devices are methods and strategies for organizing information to improve later recall. Which of following examples does not contain a mnemonic device?

Question 18 18. Sensory memories include:

Question 19 19. When you still see an image after closing your eyes, you're utilizing your:

Question 20 20. Which of the following statements regarding the two-store model of memory is not correct?

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Question 21 21. In order for a memory to be successfully used, it must go through three stages. What is the correct order of these three stages?

Question 22 22. Fill in the blanks:(BLANK) occurs when previously learned information interferes with new information that you're trying to learn, such as learning your new phone number. Similarly, (BLANK) occurs when knowledge or skills about a previous topic hurt a student or interfere with learning about a new skill or topic.

Question 23 23. The process of an environmental stimulus starting the chain of events from one of our five senses to our brain in order to be recognized is called what?

Question 24 24. The ancient Greeks were one of the earliest cultures to create specific constellations based on groups of stars in the night sky. Which Gestalt principle was most helpful to them in this task?

Question 25 25. According to research, how many pieces of information can be used by short-term memory at any given time?

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Question 26 26. Ms. Kim is a mechanic. When someone brings in a car with problems, she asks the driver many questions about the history of the car and its recent use in order to think creatively about what might be wrong. What strategy is Ms. Kim using to solve the problem here?

Question 27 27. Which of the following statements is not true?

Question 28 28. Sternberg argued that three types of intelligence are required for good creative thinking. What are those three types of intelligence?

Question 29 29. Sarah is in second grade and usually uses a ruler to draw straight lines. When she can't find her ruler she decides to use the side of her pencil box instead, even though no one has taught her this possible use of the pencil box. Sarah's creative solution shows that she is not suffering from the barrier of _____.

Question 30 30. Which of the following has a clear goal or solution, and problem solving strategies are easily developed?

Cognitive Perspective in Psychology Chapter Exam Instructions

Choose your answers to the questions and click 'Next' to see the next set of questions. You can skip questions if you would like and come back to them later with the yellow "Go To First Skipped Question" button. When you have completed the practice exam, a green submit button will appear. Click it to see your results. Good luck!