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Earthquakes in Geology: Help and Review Chapter Exam

Exam Instructions:

Choose your answers to the questions and click 'Next' to see the next set of questions. You can skip questions if you would like and come back to them later with the yellow "Go To First Skipped Question" button. When you have completed the practice exam, a green submit button will appear. Click it to see your results. Good luck!

Page 1

Question 1 1. The point where the earthquake occurs is called the:

Question 2 2. What are the characteristics of an earthquake that make it so damaging?

Question 3 3. What does the Richter scale measure?

Question 4 4. How does fire danger increase during earthquakes?

Question 5 5. Geologists measure three different earthquakes on their seismographs within a few days. One quake registered at 4.2, one at 3.6, and the other at .3. Which quakes would most likely be the foreshock, the main earthquake and the aftershock?

Page 2

Question 6 6. What causes an earthquake?

Question 7 7. Why do earthquakes occur?

Question 8 8. The elastic rebound theory explains how:

Question 9 9. How do earthquakes occur?

Question 10 10. What does it mean to say that the Richter scale is logarithmic?

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Question 11 11. The _____ is where the earthquake occurs; the _____ is directly above it on the surface.

Question 12 12. Why can geologists not predict earthquakes?

Question 13 13. Identify how liquefaction occurs during an earthquake.

Question 14 14. In addition to the structural damage that occurs during an earthquake, why are earthquakes so economically damaging?

Question 15 15. Which is NOT a type of stress that causes rock to break underground?

Page 4

Question 16 16. Which of the following best describes a fault?

Question 17 17. Tsunamis are caused by earthquakes that occur _____.

Question 18 18. P-waves travel as _____ waves while S-waves travel as _____ waves.

Question 19 19. How does a magnitude 4 earthquake differ from a magnitude 8 earthquake in regard to energy?

Question 20 20. Where is the epicenter of an earthquake found?

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Question 21 21. Compared to P-waves, surface waves travel _____ and cause _____ damage.

Question 22 22. Which of the following choices describes a tsunami?

Question 23 23. Geologists measured an earthquake at 3.8, but then measured another earthquake a day later at 4.6. How would a geologist analyze this situation?

Question 24 24. The magnitude of an earthquake is how _____.

Question 25 25. Why would the Richter scale NOT be the best tool to use to precisely measure a 7.5 magnitude earthquake?

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Question 26 26. The movement of the ground due to rock breaking below the surface during an earthquake is known as _____.

Question 27 27. A _____ is a machine that produces (a) _____.

Question 28 28. What can you expect to happen after experiencing an earthquake?

Question 29 29. Which statement is FALSE about tectonic plates?

Question 30 30. The seismic waves that do most of the shaking are:

Earthquakes in Geology: Help and Review Chapter Exam Instructions

Choose your answers to the questions and click 'Next' to see the next set of questions. You can skip questions if you would like and come back to them later with the yellow "Go To First Skipped Question" button. When you have completed the practice exam, a green submit button will appear. Click it to see your results. Good luck!

Introduction to Physical Geology: Help and Review  /  Science Courses
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