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Evolution - ORELA Middle Grades General Science Chapter Exam

Exam Instructions:

Choose your answers to the questions and click 'Next' to see the next set of questions. You can skip questions if you would like and come back to them later with the yellow "Go To First Skipped Question" button. When you have completed the practice exam, a green submit button will appear. Click it to see your results. Good luck!

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Question 1 1. Which of the following is NOT a principle of Darwin's theory of evolution?

Question 2 2. A scientist mates two different organisms. She observes no offspring. A closer inspection reveals that the hybrid embryo does not develop properly. This is an example of _____.

Question 3 3. A population of lizards is split by an earthquake which leaves half of the population on an island and the other half on the tip of the peninsula. These lizards can't swim. What type of speciation will occur?

Question 4 4. Two species of plants that do not cross-pollinate are an example of _____ isolation because they flower at different times of the year.

Question 5 5. A farmer mates a goat and a sheep together. However, he finds he cannot use this hybrid animal to produce any new hybrids. This is an example of _____.

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Question 6 6. How do losses of alleles in natural selection differ from losses of alleles in genetic drift?

Question 7 7.

Which of the following statements does NOT represent the idea of heritability by acquired characteristics?

I. A body builder develops stronger muscles during the course of his life, so his son will be strong as well.

II. A cat that lost its tail will produce offspring with shorter tails.

III. Over time, a population of heavily striped zebras increased over those without as much striping, as the heavily striped ones had a competitive advantage over the zebras with fewer stripes, and were, therefore, better able to reproduce.

Question 8 8.

Which of the following is an example of a homologous structure or trait?

I. Arm bones of a human and wings of a bird

II. Wing of a penguin and wing of a mosquito

III. Beak of a penguin and beak of a duck

Question 9 9. The study of the allelic, genotypic, and phenotypic variation within a population is referred to as _____

Question 10 10. The coat color gene of a population of squirrels is defined by a dominant allele G, which encodes a gray coat, and a recessive allele g, which encodes a black coat. In a population, genetic typing reveals the genotypic distribution to be 50 GG, 30 Gg, and 20 gg. What is the allelic frequency of the G allele?

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Question 11 11. One species of sea urchin is able to mate with another, but fertilization is rarely successful. What is this an example of?

Question 12 12. A scientist has observed animals in a particular habitat for some time. She notices that the slowest gazelles tend to fall victim to predators more frequently than faster ones. Over time, she notes that the gazelle herd on average runs faster. She is observing:

Question 13 13. The coat color gene of a population of squirrels is defined by a dominant allele G, which encodes a gray coat, and a recessive allele g, which encodes a black coat. In a population, genetic typing reveals the genotypic distribution to be 50 GG, 30 Gg, and 20 gg. If this population is in equilibrium, then what should the genotypic frequency of Gg squirrels in this population be?

Question 14 14. Define speciation.

Question 15 15. Consider a population of fish where the length of a given fish's dorsal spine is determined by a single gene, which is defined by two different alleles. The dominant A allele encodes a long dorsal spine and the recessive a allele encodes a short dorsal spine. The fish is diploid and reproduces sexually. The number of AA individuals in this population is 500, the number of Aa individuals is 100, and the number of aa individuals is 400. If a new population was started with 10 AA, 20 Aa, and 10 aa fish, then what are the new allelic frequencies?

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Question 16 16. A scientist mates a blue population of lizards with a red population of lizards. She observes that one out of ten hybrid offspring survive to adulthood compared to, roughly, eight out of ten blue or red lizards. This is an example of _____.

Question 17 17. Consider a population of fish where the length of a given fish's dorsal spine is determined by a single gene, which is defined by two different alleles. The dominant A allele encodes a long dorsal spine and the recessive a allele encodes a short dorsal spine. The fish is diploid and reproduces sexually. If the number of AA individuals is 500, the number of Aa individuals is 200, and the number of aa individuals is 300, then is this population in equilibrium? Why or why not?

Question 18 18.

Which of the following is an example of natural selection?

I. Albino animals are rare in nature because they are easy for predators to find.

II. The fastest gazelle is least likely to be eaten by a lion.

III. The gorilla that is strong enough to become alpha male is the most likely to pass on his genes.

Question 19 19. A scientist has observed animals in a particular habitat for some time. She notices that in a population of birds those with either short or long beaks can find more food than those with average sized beaks. Over time, she notices a higher proportion of birds in the population have either short or long beaks. She is observing:

Question 20 20. Why do scientists use the Hardy-Weinberg equation?

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Question 21 21. The coat color gene of a population of squirrels is defined by a dominant allele G, which encodes a gray coat, and a recessive allele g, which encodes a black coat. In a population, genetic typing reveals the genotypic distribution to be 50 GG, 30 Gg, and 20 gg. What is the allelic frequency of the g allele?

Question 22 22.

Select the statements about Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium that are true.

I. Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium is often found in the wild.

II. The allele frequency of a population in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium does not change.

III. The Hardy-Weinberg equation predicts the evolutionary agent affecting a population.

Question 23 23. Consider a population of fish where the length of a given fish's dorsal spine is determined by a single gene, which is defined by two different alleles. The dominant A allele encodes a long dorsal spine and the recessive an allele encodes a short dorsal spine. The fish is diploid and reproduces sexually. If the number of AA individuals is 500, the number of Aa individuals is 200, and the number of aa individuals is 300, then what is the frequency of 'A' in this population?

Question 24 24. The coat color gene of a population of squirrels is defined by a dominant allele G, which encodes a gray coat, and a recessive allele g, which encodes a black coat. In a population, genetic typing reveals the genotypic distribution to be 50 GG, 30 Gg, and 20 gg. If this population is in equilibrium, then what should the genotypic frequency of GG squirrels in this population be?

Question 25 25. The coat color gene of a population of squirrels is defined by a dominant allele G, which encodes a gray coat, and a recessive allele g, which encodes a black coat. In a population, genetic typing reveals the genotypic distribution to be 50 GG, 30 Gg, and 20 gg. If this population is in equilibrium, then what should the genotypic frequency of gg squirrels in this population be?

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Question 26 26. _____ can be defined as a change in a characteristic within a population over time.

Question 27 27. Which of the following statements is true?

Question 28 28. Which of the following statements about species is MOST accurate?

Question 29 29. An individual in a wheat population transforms from a diploid to a tetraploid genome. This individual gives rise to a new population of wheat which can no longer successfully mate with the original diploid population. This is an example of:

Question 30 30.

Which of the following is an example of polyploidy?

I. An insect with n = 4 has 8 total chromosomes in each somatic cell

II. A plant with n = 12 has 48 total chromosomes in each somatic cell

III. A fish with n = 66 has 132 total chromosomes in each somatic cell

Evolution - ORELA Middle Grades General Science Chapter Exam Instructions

Choose your answers to the questions and click 'Next' to see the next set of questions. You can skip questions if you would like and come back to them later with the yellow "Go To First Skipped Question" button. When you have completed the practice exam, a green submit button will appear. Click it to see your results. Good luck!

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