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Geologic Time and Anthropology: Help and Review Chapter Exam

Exam Instructions:

Choose your answers to the questions and click 'Next' to see the next set of questions. You can skip questions if you would like and come back to them later with the yellow "Go To First Skipped Question" button. When you have completed the practice exam, a green submit button will appear. Click it to see your results. Good luck!

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Question 1 1. If two dinosaurs, one small and one large, both die in similar conditions and are both rapidly buried in the same material, which is more likely to be preserved as a fossil?

Question 2 2. James Hutton's theory of _____ earned him the title of 'The Father of Modern Geology.'

Question 3 3. A large nucleus may get to a more stable state by emitting two protons and two neutrons. This describes which type of radioactive decay?

Question 4 4. Today, geologists believe mostly in _____, with a little bit of _____.

Question 5 5. The Mesozoic Era was the Age of Dinosaurs, and the current Cenozoic Era is the Age of _____.

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Question 6 6. The statement Rock A is fifty years older than Rock B is an example of _____.

Question 7 7. If a parent nucleus is feeling unstable because the ratio of neutrons to protons is too great, it might undergo a type of radioactive decay which results in the neutron emitting an electron (a beta particle) from the nucleus and turning into a proton. This describes what type of radioactive decay?

Question 8 8. Radiometric dating is a method used to date rocks based on what?

Question 9 9. Any fault lines or igneous intrusions that cut across a set of rock strata must be _____ that set of rock.

Question 10 10. Rock Strata A contains Fossil X. It is below Rock Strata C which contains Fossil Z. Rock Strata B contains Fossil Y. It is above Rock Strata C. Which of the following is the correct order of the fossils (from oldest to youngest)?

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Question 11 11. An index fossil represents a species that _____.

Question 12 12. Catastrophism assumes that the Earth's landscape was shaped by _____.

Question 13 13. Why do many geologists study layers of strata?

Question 14 14. Any inclusion found within sedimentary rock must be _____ that rock.

Question 15 15. What kind of dating can we establish with the principle of fossil succession?

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Question 16 16. In stratigraphic succession, scientists study the various _____ of rock.

Question 17 17. The best conditions for preservation of soft tissues are _____ temperatures and _____ air.

Question 18 18. If Sedimentary Layer A occurs above Sedimentary Layer C and Sedimentary Layer B is below Sedimentary Layer C, which of the following is the correct order of the layers (from oldest to youngest)?

Question 19 19. The change from catastrophism to uniformitarianism made scientists decide that Earth must be _____ than previously thought.

Question 20 20. How does an eon differ from an era?

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Question 21 21. How did the Bible influence Cuvier's view that the Earth is relatively young?

Question 22 22. What divides the two major eons (the Precambrian and Phanerozoic Eons)?

Question 23 23. James needs to write a report which will describe the ups and downs of mammals in a previous time period. Why would discussing epochs make sense?

Question 24 24. The Principle of Original Horizontality applies only to _____ rocks.

Question 25 25. Which of the following statements is true of radiocarbon dating?

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Question 26 26. Which of the following terms is used to describe the process by which an unstable atomic nucleus loses energy by releasing radiation?

Question 27 27. Which of the following types of radioactive decay does not result in a change in the number of protons and neutrons within a nucleus, but does release a lot of energy?

Question 28 28. Which of the following would NOT be a good trait for an index fossil?

Question 29 29. Hard parts are more likely to become fossilized because they are LESS likely to:

Question 30 30. Which of the following is the term used for the process by which an unstable atomic nucleus loses energy by releasing radiation?

Geologic Time and Anthropology: Help and Review Chapter Exam Instructions

Choose your answers to the questions and click 'Next' to see the next set of questions. You can skip questions if you would like and come back to them later with the yellow "Go To First Skipped Question" button. When you have completed the practice exam, a green submit button will appear. Click it to see your results. Good luck!

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