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Question 11.What kind of dating can we establish with the principle of fossil succession?
Question 22.The statement Rock A is seventeen years old is an example of _____.
Question 33.Which of the following would NOT be a good trait for an index fossil?
Question 44.Rock Strata A contains Fossil X. It is below Rock Strata C which contains Fossil Z. Rock Strata B contains Fossil Y. It is above Rock Strata C. Which of the following is the correct order of the fossils (from oldest to youngest)?
Question 55.The Principle of Original Horizontality applies only to _____ rocks.
Question 66.Why do many geologists study layers of strata?
Question 77.If two dinosaurs, one small and one large, both die in similar conditions and are both rapidly buried in the same material, which is more likely to be preserved as a fossil?
Question 88.Which of the following is the term used for the process by which an unstable atomic nucleus loses energy by releasing radiation?
Question 99.If a parent nucleus is feeling unstable because the ratio of neutrons to protons is too great, it might undergo a type of radioactive decay which results in the neutron emitting an electron (a beta particle) from the nucleus and turning into a proton. This describes what type of radioactive decay?
Question 1010.Radiometric dating is a method used to date rocks based on what?
Question 1111.An index fossil represents a species that _____.
Question 1212.Any inclusion found within sedimentary rock must be _____ that rock.
Question 1313.What divides the two major eons (the Precambrian and Phanerozoic Eons)?
Question 1414.Scientists couldn't perform numerical dating of rocks until they discovered _____.
Question 1515.James needs to write a report which will describe the ups and downs of mammals in a previous time period. Why would discussing epochs make sense?
Question 1616.Catastrophism assumes that the Earth's landscape was shaped by _____.
Question 1717.How does an eon differ from an era?
Question 1818.If Fossil A is found in a lower rock layer, and Fossil B is found in an upper rock layer, then Species A most likely _____.
Question 1919.If Sedimentary Layer A occurs above Sedimentary Layer C and Sedimentary Layer B is below Sedimentary Layer C, which of the following is the correct order of the layers (from oldest to youngest)?
Question 2020.Which of the following types of radioactive decay does not result in a change in the number of protons and neutrons within a nucleus, but does release a lot of energy?
Question 2121.The best conditions for preservation of soft tissues are _____ temperatures and _____ air.
Question 2222.James Hutton's theory of _____ earned him the title of 'The Father of Modern Geology.'
Question 2323._____ bones are more likely than _____ to be scattered, trampled, weathered, and/or crushed.
Question 2424.Which of the following terms is used to describe the process by which an unstable atomic nucleus loses energy by releasing radiation?
Question 2525.How did the Bible influence Cuvier's view that the Earth is relatively young?
Question 2626.Which of the following statements is true of radiocarbon dating?
Question 2727.Today, geologists believe mostly in _____, with a little bit of _____.
Question 2828.The change from catastrophism to uniformitarianism made scientists decide that Earth must be _____ than previously thought.
Question 2929.A scientist would not be able to use radiocarbon dating to find the age of which of the following samples?
Question 3030.In uranium-lead dating, we see that two unstable uranium isotopes decay into stable lead isotopes. Which of the following statements is true about this decay?
Geologic Time Chapter Exam Instructions
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