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GRE Biology: Genetic Foundations Chapter Exam

Exam Instructions:

Choose your answers to the questions and click 'Next' to see the next set of questions. You can skip questions if you would like and come back to them later with the yellow "Go To First Skipped Question" button. When you have completed the practice exam, a green submit button will appear. Click it to see your results. Good luck!

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Question 1 1. What is the most likely type of inheritance for the genetic condition shown in this pedigree?

Question 2 2. What is a proband in human genetics?

Question 3 3.

Hemophilia is an X-linked recessive trait. Consider a cross between a woman who is a carrier and a man who suffers from hemophilia. Which of the following statements is/are true?

I. All sons of these parents will be a hemophiliac.

II. A son who suffers from hemophilia received the hemophilia allele from his mother.

III. Half of the daughters of this cross are predicted to be hemophiliacs.

Question 4 4. Which of the following genetic techniques are used in human genetics?

Question 5 5. Which of the following statements about the proband is TRUE?

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Question 6 6. The following results were observed from a mating between two black and white speckled cats: 5 black cats, 12 black and white speckled cats, and 4 white cats. Which term describes the relationship between the alleles of the coat color gene?

Question 7 7.

Which of the following statement(s) accurately describes an advantage provided by model organisms?

I. The laboratory environment can be controlled.

II. True-breeding strains can be generated.

III. Specific combinations of alleles can be engineered.

Question 8 8. Which of the following is NOT an example of a homozygous genotype?

Question 9 9. A geneticist is studying a genetic condition. They determine that the causative gene for this particular condition is located on human chromosome 2. What can we conclude about the condition? Why?

Question 10 10. In humans, _____ is determined by the presence or absence of the _____ chromosome.

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Question 11 11. Which phenotype(s) do the red blood cells from a person with AB blood type exhibit?

Question 12 12. In the following pedigree, how many male cousins does the proband have?

Question 13 13. Incomplete dominance governs the pigment gene of a flower. A mating between heterozygotes yields the following phenotypic ratio: 15 red flowers, 32 pink flowers and 14 white flowers. Which statement describes the situation?

Question 14 14.

If gene A is located on chromosome 1 and gene B is located on chromosome 2, which of the following genotypic frequencies could be produced among the progeny of the following cross: AABb x aaBb

I. 25% AaBB, 50% AaBb and 25% Aabb

II. 75% AaBB

III. 25% bb

Question 15 15.

Which of the following statements is/are true?

I. A human with an X chromosome and a Y chromosome is male.

II. A human with only one type of sex chromosome (an X chromosome) is female.

III. All children of a color blind woman and a man who is not color blind will carry a color blind allele.

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Question 16 16. A couple has three children: a 14-year-old daughter and two sons, ages 10 and 12. If the mother and daughter are both known to have a genetic disorder, what would the pedigree of this family look like?

Question 17 17. Which type of dominance describes a situation in which heterozygotes demonstrate a phenotype which is intermediate between the homozygotes?

Question 18 18. A scientist is studying an animal and determines that a gene is located on autosome two. It controls antler production in the male animals. Note that females do not produce antlers. This is an example of a:

Question 19 19.

Evaluate each of the following sets of data separately. Which of them provide evidence that the trait is polygenic?

I. The genotype at loci A, B and C each produces a protein that influences the length of an organism by an average of 0.6, 0.4 and 0.3 cm, respectively.

II. Three different alleles of gene D affect the length of an organism by an average of 0.6, 0.4 and 0.3 cm, respectively.

III. Loci E, F and G each modulates an independent pathway, which plays a role in determining the length of an organism.

Question 20 20. A criss-cross inheritance pattern is seen in what type of genetic inheritance?

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Question 21 21. A scientist is studying an animal which can be found with either black or white fur. Which of following could be FALSE in this study?

Question 22 22. Autosomes are:

Question 23 23.

You could draw which of the following conclusions from a dihybrid cross which produces a 9:3:3:1 ratio of phenotypes?

I. The alleles of one gene sort independently of another gene.

II. The alleles of the two genes in question exhibit a simple dominant/recessive relationship.

III. The animals which were crossed were both homozygous with respect to at least one locus in question.

Question 24 24. Alleles A, B, C and D are linked on one chromosome, and alleles a, b, c and d are linked on the homolog. During meiosis, a crossover event occurs between genes A and B. Which of the following is an example of a chromatid that could be found in one of the resulting gametes?

Question 25 25.

Which of the following statements is true?

I. The one thousandth base pair on chromosome one of an organism is an example of a locus.

II. Changing the DNA in a gene by one base pair could create a new allele.

III. Cells in a diploid organism possess two copies of each homolog (except gametes).

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Question 26 26. Two animals heterozygous at gene A are mated. What ratio of genotypes will be produced in the offspring?

Question 27 27.

Genes A and B are located on the same chromosome arm in the following orientation: centromere, gene A, gene B, telomere. Which of the following recombinant chromatids could be produced by a crossover event between B genes in a heterozygote in which the dominant alleles are linked on one homolog and the recessive ones are linked on the other homolog?

I. A B

II. a B

III. A b

IV. a b

Question 28 28. Alleles A and B are linked on chromosome 1 (such that you have A-B and a-b). Alleles C and D are linked on chromosome 2 (you have C-D and c-d). If a crossover event does not occur between either set of genes, which gamete genotype could NOT be produced by an individual heterozygous at each locus?

Question 29 29. Which of the following statements could NOT be used to describe a multifactorial trait?

Question 30 30. Sarah has blonde hair even though both of her parents have brown hair. In old photos she has seen that both her parents' mothers had blonde hair before it went white. Given this information what can you suggest about the dominance of the different hair color genes?

GRE Biology: Genetic Foundations Chapter Exam Instructions

Choose your answers to the questions and click 'Next' to see the next set of questions. You can skip questions if you would like and come back to them later with the yellow "Go To First Skipped Question" button. When you have completed the practice exam, a green submit button will appear. Click it to see your results. Good luck!

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