Gross Anatomy & Functions of the Muscular System Chapter Exam

Exam Instructions:

Choose your answers to the questions and click 'Next' to see the next set of questions. You can skip questions if you would like and come back to them later with the yellow "Go To First Skipped Question" button. When you have completed the practice exam, a green submit button will appear. Click it to see your results. Good luck!

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Question 1 1. Consider an individual who needs surgery to reattach his biceps tendon to his forearm. He requests the surgeon reattach the tendon in such a way to increase the strength of his forearm flexion. What would the surgeon need to do to accomplish his request?

Question 2 2. The latissimus dorsi is a large back muscle responsible for the bulk of adduction of the arm (pulling the arm to the sides of the body). The teres major is a much smaller muscle that helps to start adduction of the arm when it is fully extended. Which muscle is the agonist, and why?

Question 3 3. Identify the leg flexor muscle located on the anterior surface of the thigh.

Question 4 4. The pectoralis major is involved in the bench press exercise in which the arms flex towards the middle of the body. This muscle is proximally attached to the shoulder via the clavicle and chest via the sternum, while distally attached to the humerus. Identify the origin and insertion of the muscle respectively.

Question 5 5. Which of the following muscles are deep to the latissimus dorsi and superior to the multifidus?

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Question 6 6. Which type or types of muscles look striated when you view them under a microscope?

Question 7 7. The Trapezius muscles serves to retract the shoulder and work to extend the neck. Why is this functionality important?

Question 8 8. Earl is a band conductor. When he turns his hands palm-up and raises them up to the sky, this signals to the students that they need to increase the volume of their instruments. Earl is able to make this motion with his hands as a result of which muscle?

Question 9 9. What is the difference between the flexor digitorum longus and the extensor digitorum longus?

Question 10 10. If a body builder is working hard to develop their six-pack, then which of the following muscles are they actually trying to develop?

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Question 11 11. How many muscles help produce plantar flexion?

Question 12 12. Which of the following movements is made possible by the pectoralis major?

Question 13 13. If you wanted to move your big toe, which muscles in your foot would be activated?

Question 14 14. Which of the following is the location of the hand flexors?

Question 15 15. How does the tibialis anterior differ from most leg muscles?

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Question 16 16. What do we call the muscle that opposes the action of the agonist?

Question 17 17. A muscle originates on the scapula and inserts on the dorsal side of the humerus. What type of movement would be generated by this muscle?

Question 18 18. At which point are the superficial erector spinae muscles together?

Question 19 19. Consider a person nodding yes in response to a question. What articulation occurs at the chin as it draws close to the neck?

Question 20 20. Consider a person bending to the side. If they experience pain, which of the following muscles would most likely be injured?

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Question 21 21. How are we able to roll our eyes?

Question 22 22. Consider a person grabbing a hammer. What articulation is performed by the thumb?

Question 23 23. Which of the following gluteal muscles is the most deep?

Question 24 24. Which organ converts amino acids into glucose?

Question 25 25. Which of the following terms is found in muscles that move the thumb?

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Question 26 26. Using the mnemonic FRE123, what does it tell us about a second class lever?

Question 27 27. Aimee walks into a restaurant with her boyfriend where she is expecting to celebrate her 40th birthday. Instead, she is greeted by fifty of her closest friends and family members who have shown up to a surprise party in celebration of her milestone birthday. Aimee is so shocked that her jaw almost hits the floor, and she is speechless. Which muscle allowed Amy to open her mouth?

Question 28 28. Because you are able to control the movement of your tongue you know that it contains this type of muscle.

Question 29 29. What is another name for cardiac muscle?

Question 30 30. Wendy is a receptionist and spends a great deal of her workday typing. Which of the following muscles allows her to turn her hand palm-down to perform the essential duties of her job?

Gross Anatomy & Functions of the Muscular System Chapter Exam Instructions

Choose your answers to the questions and click 'Next' to see the next set of questions. You can skip questions if you would like and come back to them later with the yellow "Go To First Skipped Question" button. When you have completed the practice exam, a green submit button will appear. Click it to see your results. Good luck!

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