How Scientists Think & Work Lesson Plans Chapter Exam

Exam Instructions:

Choose your answers to the questions and click 'Next' to see the next set of questions. You can skip questions if you would like and come back to them later with the yellow "Go To First Skipped Question" button. When you have completed the practice exam, a green submit button will appear. Click it to see your results. Good luck!

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Question 1 1. A hypothesis is:

Question 2 2. A group of researchers are studying how plants grow in very harsh climates. During one of their experiments, they accidentally left the window open for 2 hours, causing that group to have the best results. In this scenario, what variable is sunlight?

Question 3 3. If you watch a person from far away to see how they react to the world around them, you are conducting:

Question 4 4. Occam's razor is best described as:

Question 5 5. This is a false or fake science, a system of beliefs that looks like it is based on scientific ideas but actually doesn't employ or obey the simplest rules of science itself.

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Question 6 6. This is a process where scientific experts not connected to the study and experiment in question check it for scientific accuracy, proper methodology, and relevancy.

Question 7 7. This type of research can be broken down into naturalistic and participant:

Question 8 8. A researcher wants to figure out if uncomfortable seats in a classroom will increase the research participant's attention to the lesson and decrease their fidgeting. Why are attention level and fidgeting the dependent variable?

Question 9 9. Which of the following is NOT true about science?

Question 10 10. Which is a process that requires feedback from the scientific community?

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Question 11 11. Starting off with a research question provides a researcher with:

Question 12 12. This is a type of research that provides strong evidence for cause and effect relationships:

Question 13 13. Inductive reasoning experiments _____.

Question 14 14. If you placed a large, plastic spider on someone's chair before they sat down and screamed 'SPIDER!', why is your screaming the moderating variable?

Question 15 15. The apparent backwards motion of a planet against the background of stars is known as:

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Question 16 16. An experiment begins with the researcher believing that couches cause an increase in laziness of participants. He then attempts to find participants with couches and determines their laziness level. Which of the following best describes this type of reasoning?

Question 17 17. An independent variable is:

Question 18 18. This is a branch of knowledge and the systematic study of the universe and all it encompasses, one that is based upon facts, observation, and experimentation:

Question 19 19. Which of the following is NOT one of the six key steps of the scientific method?

Question 20 20. A scientist is running a test of her hypothesis. Which step of the scientific method is she executing?

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Question 21 21. A set of principles laid out as being unquestionably true is known as:

Question 22 22. The systematic investigation of scientific theories and hypotheses is known as:

Question 23 23. A key difference between science and religion, astrology, and pseudoscience is that scientific statements are:

Question 24 24. This is a single assertion, a proposed explanation of something based on available knowledge, for something yet to be explained, one that is subject to further experimentation.

Question 25 25. A theory that is so well-confirmed, refined, and tested as to be virtually universally accepted is known as:

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Question 26 26. 'Plurality should not be posited without necessity' is the principle we know as:

Question 27 27. If a statement is statistically significant, then:

Question 28 28. Why are hypotheses paired with null hypotheses?

Question 29 29. At what step in the scientific method does a scientist propose the problem that he or she wants to solve?

Question 30 30. Deductive reasoning experiments _____.

How Scientists Think & Work Lesson Plans Chapter Exam Instructions

Choose your answers to the questions and click 'Next' to see the next set of questions. You can skip questions if you would like and come back to them later with the yellow "Go To First Skipped Question" button. When you have completed the practice exam, a green submit button will appear. Click it to see your results. Good luck!

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