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Question 11.Sara feels anxious about solving fraction problems. Soon, Sara becomes anxious about attempting any mathematical problems. This is a phenomenon known as:
Question 22.Shaping involves reinforcing behaviors that _____.
Question 33.Which of the following statements is not true?
Question 44.A shaping program should be continued until the student can _____.
Question 55.Which of the following is not one of the five steps in the shaping process?
Question 66.A child's weekly allowance is an example of a _____.
Question 77.Which of these is NOT a step in the shaping process?
Question 88.Keller and Marian Breland's raccoon experiment showed that:
Question 99.In Wolfgang Köhler's experiment, the chimp reached the banana by _____.
Question 1010.Which psychologists conducted an experiment in which they trained raccoons to put coins in a piggy bank and rewarded the raccoons with food. This caused the raccoons to associate the coins with food. The researchers found that when they gave a raccoon more than one coin, the raccoon would sit and rub the coins together, because the raccoons' natural instinct to 'wash' food by rubbing it together was activated, thereby inhibiting classical conditioning?
Question 1111.Which of the following summarizes regarding research studies is not correct?
Question 1212.Secondary, or conditioned, reinforcement is:
Question 1313.Giving a lab rat food every third time it presses a lever is an example of a _____.
Question 1414.When a person learns a response to a particular stimulus and then makes the same response to similar stimuli, it is known as what?
Question 1515.What is the difference between negative reinforcement and punishment?
Question 1616.Bobby's parents have decided to use operant conditioning in order to get Bobby to clean. Bobby's parents have decided that they will check Bobby's room at random times throughout the week to see if it is clean. If Bobby's room is clean, then he will receive an allowance. This is an example of what type of reinforcement schedule?
FILL IN THE BLANKS:
_ (Blank) refers to the pairing of natural stimulus-response situations, with a neutral stimulus in order to develop a new relationship. In _ (blank), which deals with reinforcement and the strengthening of behaviors, learners are aware and make voluntary responses based on consequences.
Question 1818.An instructor was doing a demonstration with her class. She had the students form pairs and look in each other's eyes. She then suddenly turned off the lights and blew a whistle. She repeated this process several times. Finally, she blew the whistle but left the lights on. To the amazement of the students as they watched, the pupils of their eyes began to dilate. Seeing the eyes dilate after the whistle blew with the lights on is an example of:
Question 1919.Playing a slot machine, which provides inconsistently occurring payouts, is an example of a _____.
Question 2020.In operant conditioning, changes in behavior are
Question 2121.Who was the behaviorist who developed the Operant Conditioning Chamber?
Question 2222.One conclusion of Albert Bandura's experiment is that _____.
Question 2323.Which of the following is the BEST explanation of the purpose behind Merrill Flood and Melvin Dresher's game theory experiments:
FILL IN THE BLANKS:
(Blank) is a consequence that decreases the frequency of the response it follows. (Blank) is the strengthening of a behavior because something negative or unpleasant is removed from the situation, or in other words, the situation is escaped or avoided.
Question 2525.Which of the following concepts that was created by Albert Tucker examines why two prisoner's might choose to cooperate with each other or might confess in order to save themselves?
Question 2626.Fishing, in which you may catch something after 15 minutes, then another after 45 minutes, then another after two hours, is an example of a _____.
Question 2727.Mrs. García has planned a shaping program. The first thing that she did was to clearly define the target behavior, and then she decided when to deliver the _____. Based on how Mrs. Garcia is planning the shaping program, it is likely it will succeed.
Question 2828.Money, praise, and good grades are all examples of which of the following?
Question 2929.How does insight learning occur?
Question 3030.Why is scheduling useful in reinforcement?
Introduction to Learning in Psychology Chapter Exam Instructions
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