MEGA Earth Science: Processes of Earth's Surface Chapter Exam

Exam Instructions:

Choose your answers to the questions and click 'Next' to see the next set of questions. You can skip questions if you would like and come back to them later with the yellow "Go To First Skipped Question" button. When you have completed the practice exam, a green submit button will appear. Click it to see your results. Good luck!

Page 1

Question 1 1. The process where rocks and minerals are broken down by the elements of nature is called _____.

Question 2 2. Which of the following is NOT a true statement?

Question 3 3. How can a headland be damaged by the action of waves?

Question 4 4. You are walking along a coastline and view a sea stack a few feet away from the shore. This structure was most likely caused by _____.

Question 5 5. A _____ is a machine that produces (a) _____.

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Question 6 6. A geologist is studying an area where the continental crust comes into contact with the oceanic crust. What is this area called?

Question 7 7. What can you expect to happen after experiencing an earthquake?

Question 8 8. The elastic rebound theory explains how:

Question 9 9. Which of the following is true about the Hawaiian islands?

Question 10 10. Not every part of a coastal shoreline is impacted to the same extent by the movement of waves. Wave energy has a greater impact on the sides and end of shoreline protrusions such as headlands, leading to greater erosion. What process is occurring to create more erosion in these areas?

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Question 11 11. Which statement best describes how the beaches in Hawaii are formed?

Question 12 12. How does fire danger increase during earthquakes?

Question 13 13. If you looked at a photo of a beach from 1960 and the same area today, you would notice a striking difference in the shoreline. What is the most likely cause of these changes?

Question 14 14. Geologists measured an earthquake at 3.8, but then measured another earthquake a day later at 4.6. How would a geologist analyze this situation?

Question 15 15. What is the term used to describe the process by which sand and sediment is transported along the coast?

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Question 16 16. Why do earthquakes occur?

Question 17 17. The seismic waves that do most of the shaking are:

Question 18 18. Which of the following best describes deposition?

Question 19 19. Geologists measure three different earthquakes on their seismographs within a few days. One quake registered at 4.2, one at 3.6, and the other at .3. Which quakes would most likely be the foreshock, the main earthquake and the aftershock?

Question 20 20. How are mantle plumes and hot spots related?

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Question 21 21. The _____ is where the earthquake occurs; the _____ is directly above it on the surface.

Question 22 22. Which of the following is NOT a way that glaciers change landforms?

Question 23 23. Identify how liquefaction occurs during an earthquake.

Question 24 24. P-waves travel as _____ waves while S-waves travel as _____ waves.

Question 25 25. Which of the following is NOT an agent of erosion?

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Question 26 26. Compared to P-waves, surface waves travel _____ and cause _____ damage.

Question 27 27. In addition to the structural damage that occurs during an earthquake, why are earthquakes so economically damaging?

Question 28 28. The magnitude of an earthquake is how _____.

Question 29 29. What do scientists think causes some volcanoes to be explosive?

Question 30 30. You are visiting a beach at low tide when the water level has receded. A companion points out a somewhat flat area very near a large rock cliff. What has been created by erosion in this coastal area?

MEGA Earth Science: Processes of Earth's Surface Chapter Exam Instructions

Choose your answers to the questions and click 'Next' to see the next set of questions. You can skip questions if you would like and come back to them later with the yellow "Go To First Skipped Question" button. When you have completed the practice exam, a green submit button will appear. Click it to see your results. Good luck!

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