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Michigan Merit Exam: Earthquakes & Volcanoes Chapter Exam

Exam Instructions:

Choose your answers to the questions and click 'Next' to see the next set of questions. You can skip questions if you would like and come back to them later with the yellow "Go To First Skipped Question" button. When you have completed the practice exam, a green submit button will appear. Click it to see your results. Good luck!

Page 1

Question 1 1. What does it mean to say that the Richter scale is logarithmic?

Question 2 2. How does a magnitude 4 earthquake differ from a magnitude 8 earthquake in regard to energy?

Question 3 3. Tsunamis are caused by earthquakes that occur _____.

Question 4 4. How does fire danger increase during earthquakes?

Question 5 5. The _____ is where the earthquake occurs; the _____ is directly above it on the surface.

Page 2

Question 6 6. Which is NOT a type of stress that causes rock to break underground?

Question 7 7. Which gas can form aerosols that hang in the stratosphere and reflect the sun's rays back into space?

Question 8 8. Which of the following choices describes a tsunami?

Question 9 9.

Gas X is produced during volcanic eruption and is also known as a greenhouse gas. It is heavier than air and tends to accumulate in low-lying areas. This accumulation can be fatal.

Identify Gas X.

Question 10 10. What is the classification of a volcano that has not erupted in the past 10,000 years, but has the potential to erupt in the future?

Page 3

Question 11 11. How do earthquakes occur?

Question 12 12. Which of the following statements is FALSE concerning water vapor emissions?

Question 13 13. Why would the Richter scale NOT be the best tool to use to precisely measure a 7.5 magnitude earthquake?

Question 14 14. The movement of the ground due to rock breaking below the surface during an earthquake is known as _____.

Question 15 15. Which of the following is NOT true?

Page 4

Question 16 16. What does the Richter scale measure?

Question 17 17. If the debris within a landslide mixes with enough water it can trigger which of the following volcanic hazards?

Question 18 18. What is the name given to an area of the Pacific Ocean Basin that is tectonically active?

Question 19 19. Volcanic gases are initially brought to the earth's surface as _____.

Question 20 20. What causes an earthquake?

Page 5

Question 21 21. Which of the following statements is FALSE concerning volcanoes?

Question 22 22. Which statement is FALSE about tectonic plates?

Question 23 23. Identify how liquefaction occurs during an earthquake.

Question 24 24. Which of the following is a TRUE statement?

Question 25 25. Which of the following gases, released during a volcanic eruption, contributes to acid rain?

Page 6

Question 26 26. Which of the following could trigger a landslide?

Question 27 27. Which of the following is TRUE of a landslide?

Question 28 28. What are the characteristics of an earthquake that make it so damaging?

Question 29 29. The elastic rebound theory explains how:

Question 30 30. Where is the epicenter of an earthquake found?

Michigan Merit Exam: Earthquakes & Volcanoes Chapter Exam Instructions

Choose your answers to the questions and click 'Next' to see the next set of questions. You can skip questions if you would like and come back to them later with the yellow "Go To First Skipped Question" button. When you have completed the practice exam, a green submit button will appear. Click it to see your results. Good luck!

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