Copyright
Michigan Merit Exam - Science: Test Prep & Practice  /  Science Courses

Test Prep Plan - Take a practice test

Take this practice test to check your existing knowledge of the course material. We'll review your answers and create a Test Prep Plan for you based on your results.
How Test Prep Plans work
1
Answer 50 questions
Test your existing knowledge.
2
View your test results
Based on your results, we'll create a customized Test Prep Plan just for you!
3
Study smarter
Study more effectively: skip concepts you already know and focus on what you still need to learn.

Michigan Merit Exam: Evolution & Natural Selection Chapter Exam

Exam Instructions:

Choose your answers to the questions and click 'Next' to see the next set of questions. You can skip questions if you would like and come back to them later with the yellow "Go To First Skipped Question" button. When you have completed the practice exam, a green submit button will appear. Click it to see your results. Good luck!

Page 1

Question 1 1. What is biogeography?

Question 2 2. Which field would best describe why penguins and polar bears are not found in the same regions of Earth?

Question 3 3. A scientist mates two different organisms. She observes no offspring. A closer inspection reveals that the hybrid embryo does not develop properly. This is an example of _____.

Question 4 4. Genetic variability describes which of the following?

Question 5 5. Some studies have shown that a single copy of the cystic fibrosis disease allele can confer resistance to tuberculosis to a person. This is an example of:

Page 2

Question 6 6. Which of the following is an example of convergent evolution?

Question 7 7. A scientist notices several birds in the same area that are similar in appearance with the exception of different beak lengths. She observes that one type of bird with a particularly long beak can pick bugs out of holes in the ground, while the birds with shorter beaks cannot. The longer beak is an example of

Question 8 8. How does the fossil record support evolution?

Question 9 9. Which is true about homologous structures?

Question 10 10. _____ can be defined as a change in a characteristic within a population over time.

Page 3

Question 11 11. A new mutation allows a cheetah to run faster and hunt down more prey than its slower counterparts. This mutation increased the _____ of the cheetah.

Question 12 12. An individual in a wheat population transforms from a diploid to a tetraploid genome. This individual gives rise to a new population of wheat which can no longer successfully mate with the original diploid population. This is an example of:

Question 13 13. A zoo wants to assist two related endangered species with their reproduction and plans to directly implant the sperm into the female. Which type of isolation can NOT be overcome in this way?

Question 14 14. A postzygotic _____ is a mechanism that reduces the viability or reproductive capacity of hybrid offspring.

Question 15 15.

Which of the following is an example of natural selection?

I. Albino animals are rare in nature because they are easy for predators to find.

II. The fastest gazelle is least likely to be eaten by a lion.

III. The gorilla that is strong enough to become alpha male is the most likely to pass on his genes.

Page 4

Question 16 16. A scientist has observed animals in a particular habitat for some time. She notices that in a population of birds those with either short or long beaks can find more food than those with average sized beaks. Over time, she notices a higher proportion of birds in the population have either short or long beaks. She is observing:

Question 17 17. Which does NOT provide evidence for evolution?

Question 18 18. Define speciation.

Question 19 19.

Which of the following is an example of analogous structures or traits?

I. Leg bones of a human and leg bones of a penguin

II. Wing of a penguin and wing of a mosquito

III. Beak of a penguin and beak of a duck

Question 20 20. A scientist has observed animals in a particular habitat for some time. She notices that the slowest gazelles tend to fall victim to predators more frequently than faster ones. Over time, she notes that the gazelle herd on average runs faster. She is observing:

Page 5

Question 21 21.

Which of the following is an example of polyploidy?

I. An insect with n = 4 has 8 total chromosomes in each somatic cell

II. A plant with n = 12 has 48 total chromosomes in each somatic cell

III. A fish with n = 66 has 132 total chromosomes in each somatic cell

Question 22 22.

Which of the following is an example of a homologous structure or trait?

I. Arm bones of a human and wings of a bird

II. Wing of a penguin and wing of a mosquito

III. Beak of a penguin and beak of a duck

Question 23 23. One species of sea urchin is able to mate with another, but fertilization is rarely successful. What is this an example of?

Question 24 24. What does comparative anatomy look at?

Question 25 25. A population of lizards is split by an earthquake which leaves half of the population on an island and the other half on the tip of the peninsula. These lizards can't swim. What type of speciation will occur?

Page 6

Question 26 26. Which of the following is NOT a principle of Darwin's theory of evolution?

Question 27 27. Comparative anatomy is useful for all but which of the following?

Question 28 28. A scientist mates a blue population of lizards with a red population of lizards. She observes that one out of ten hybrid offspring survive to adulthood compared to, roughly, eight out of ten blue or red lizards. This is an example of _____.

Question 29 29. Which is true about evolution?

Question 30 30. Which of the following statements is true?

Michigan Merit Exam: Evolution & Natural Selection Chapter Exam Instructions

Choose your answers to the questions and click 'Next' to see the next set of questions. You can skip questions if you would like and come back to them later with the yellow "Go To First Skipped Question" button. When you have completed the practice exam, a green submit button will appear. Click it to see your results. Good luck!

Support