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Michigan Merit Exam: Scientific Research Methods Chapter Exam

Exam Instructions:

Choose your answers to the questions and click 'Next' to see the next set of questions. You can skip questions if you would like and come back to them later with the yellow "Go To First Skipped Question" button. When you have completed the practice exam, a green submit button will appear. Click it to see your results. Good luck!

Page 1

Question 1 1. Bill completed both qualitative and quantitative research, analyzed the data, and interpreted his findings. What is Bill now ready to do?

Question 2 2. Ideally, you want your data to be _____.

Question 3 3. An independent variable is:

Question 4 4. If a statement is statistically significant, then:

Question 5 5. Jane wants to study the effect of running on a person's weight. Jane's hypothesis is as follows: The longer the distance a person runs each day, the lower that person's weight will be. Which of the following would be the null hypothesis in this study?

Page 2

Question 6 6. A key difference between science and religion, astrology, and pseudoscience is that scientific statements are:

Question 7 7. If you watch a person from far away to see how they react to the world around them, you are conducting:

Question 8 8. A single assertion, a proposed explanation of something based on available knowledge, for something yet to be explained, one that is subject to further experimentation is called:

Question 9 9. The systematic investigation of scientific theories and hypotheses is known as:

Question 10 10. Which of the following is NOT one of the six key steps of the scientific method?

Page 3

Question 11 11. Which of the following has NOT been operationalized?

Question 12 12. Which of the following best describes control variables?

Question 13 13. Inductive reasoning experiments _____.

Question 14 14. You measure the length of a fish 6 times. Each time you find it to be 125 cm long. In reality, the fish is actually 135 cm long. Which of the following statements is true?

Question 15 15. A group of researchers are studying how plants grow in very harsh climates. During one of their experiments, they accidentally left the window open for 2 hours, causing that group to have the best results. In this scenario, what variable is sunlight?

Page 4

Question 16 16. You conduct a study of reaction times by placing a plastic spider on a person's chair right before they sit down and recording their reaction time. You repeat the study, but this time you yell ''SPIDER!'' right before the person sits down and again measure their reaction time. Why can your yelling ''SPIDER!'' be considered a moderating variable?

Question 17 17. A scientist is running a test of her hypothesis. Which step of the scientific method is she executing?

Question 18 18. Why are hypotheses paired with null hypotheses?

Question 19 19. Inductive and deductive reasoning typically describes _____.

Question 20 20. When is the best time to consider what analysis to examine your data with?

Page 5

Question 21 21. Your scale incorrectly measures the weight of your chemical by 5 grams each time. Which of the following statements is true about your data?

Question 22 22. LaToya looked for patterns and themes in the answers she got from the customers she had visited. What was LaToya doing?

Question 23 23. This is a type of research that provides strong evidence for cause and effect relationships:

Question 24 24. This is a process where scientific experts not connected to the study and experiment in question check it for scientific accuracy, proper methodology, and relevancy.

Question 25 25. A researcher wants to figure out if uncomfortable seats in a classroom will increase the research participant's attention to the lesson and decrease their fidgeting. Why are attention level and fidgeting the dependent variable?

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Question 26 26. Successful analysis of your data will be influenced by which factor(s)?

Question 27 27. For her research project, Jerri interviewed ten people asking them the same open-ended questions. What type of research did Jerri engage in?

Question 28 28. If you are measuring daily plant growth, which might be an appropriate tool to use to collect those measurements?

Question 29 29. Deductive reasoning experiments _____.

Question 30 30. The results of an experiment indicate that owning pets reduces a participant's stress. Therefore, it is concluded that there is some type of relationship between stress levels and pet ownership. Which of the following best describes this type of reasoning?

Michigan Merit Exam: Scientific Research Methods Chapter Exam Instructions

Choose your answers to the questions and click 'Next' to see the next set of questions. You can skip questions if you would like and come back to them later with the yellow "Go To First Skipped Question" button. When you have completed the practice exam, a green submit button will appear. Click it to see your results. Good luck!

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