How did the social changes spurred by Pope Urban II's calling of the first Crusade eventually lead to the Protestant Reformation?
In the Fourth Crusade, why did Crusaders turn against their fellow Christians?
Sam made a list of reasons why the Romans rarely used watermills. He made a mistake. Evaluate Sam's statements and indicate which one is an error.
The Crusaders of the later crusades suffered from _____
The Investiture Conflict was a fight for power between what two bodies?
Why did the nobility of England press King John to sign the Magna Carta?
Europe's Medieval Agricultural Revolution was made possible by
What was Michael Cerularius' title when he was excommunicated by the office of the Pope, and he in turn excommunicated Pope Leo IX?
Which of the following was NOT a state established by Western crusaders?
How did the interests of the Byzantine emperor, Alexius Comnenus differ from those of Pope Urban II?
The Filioque clause, with which the Eastern Church disagreed, dealt with which of the following?
In medieval Europe, the labor saving benefits of windmills and watermills contributed to_____.
Analyze the statements below and indicate which factor had the SMALLEST effect on the sudden expansion of waterwheels in Europe.
What rather flimsy compromise was offered in an attempt to end the Investiture Conflict?
From the 12th to the 14th century, populations in Europe's cities
Although conflicts had been brewing for years, the Great Schism officially occurred in what year?
The Investiture Conflict was waged over:
Which French king stripped England's Plantagenet kings of much of their land holdings in France?
What was the Dictatus Papae?
Why did many of Europe's nobles agree to participate in the crusade?
How do horses compare to oxen as beasts of burden?
Which of the following statements BEST characterizes the political impact of the Crusades?
In 12th century Europe, cities reinforced the factors that supported them by
Who is the Bishop of Rome?
Which of the following is NOT true of the Pope?
What evidence is there that the Crusades were about more than regaining the Holy Land from the Muslims?
What office of the Roman Catholic clergy had the responsibility of choosing the pope?
Which of the following is one of the ways that Pope Urban II employed to entice Europe's aristocrats to go on crusade at Clermont?
William the Conquerer's Domesday Book is evidence of_____.
Which of these Roman Catholic clergymen cared for the daily needs of the parish?
Overview of the Medieval Warm Period Chapter Exam Instructions
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