Copyright

Physical Science - Earthquakes: Help and Review Chapter Exam

Exam Instructions:

Choose your answers to the questions and click 'Next' to see the next set of questions. You can skip questions if you would like and come back to them later with the yellow "Go To First Skipped Question" button. When you have completed the practice exam, a green submit button will appear. Click it to see your results. Good luck!

Page 1

Question 1 1. What does it mean to say that the Richter scale is logarithmic?

Question 2 2. Why would the Richter scale NOT be the best tool to use to precisely measure a 7.5 magnitude earthquake?

Question 3 3. Which is NOT a type of stress that causes rock to break underground?

Question 4 4. In addition to the structural damage that occurs during an earthquake, why are earthquakes so economically damaging?

Question 5 5. Geologists measured an earthquake at 3.8, but then measured another earthquake a day later at 4.6. How would a geologist analyze this situation?

Page 2

Question 6 6. The point where the earthquake occurs is called the:

Question 7 7. What can you expect to happen after experiencing an earthquake?

Question 8 8. How does fire danger increase during earthquakes?

Question 9 9. How do earthquakes occur?

Question 10 10. What causes an earthquake?

Page 3

Question 11 11. Geologists measure three different earthquakes on their seismographs within a few days. One quake registered at 4.2, one at 3.6, and the other at .3. Which quakes would most likely be the foreshock, the main earthquake and the aftershock?

Question 12 12. Where is the epicenter of an earthquake found?

Question 13 13. The magnitude of an earthquake is how _____.

Question 14 14. What are the characteristics of an earthquake that make it so damaging?

Question 15 15. Compared to P-waves, surface waves travel _____ and cause _____ damage.

Page 4

Question 16 16. Why do earthquakes occur?

Question 17 17. A _____ is a machine that produces (a) _____.

Question 18 18. Tsunamis are caused by earthquakes in which of the following locations?

Question 19 19. P-waves travel as _____ waves while S-waves travel as _____ waves.

Question 20 20. The _____ is where the earthquake occurs; the _____ is directly above it on the surface.

Page 5

Question 21 21. Why can geologists not predict earthquakes?

Question 22 22. Identify how liquefaction occurs during an earthquake.

Question 23 23. Which of the following choices describes a tsunami?

Question 24 24. Which statement is FALSE about tectonic plates?

Question 25 25. The elastic rebound theory explains how:

Page 6

Question 26 26. How does a magnitude 4 earthquake differ from a magnitude 8 earthquake in regard to energy?

Question 27 27. The seismic waves that do most of the shaking are:

Question 28 28. The movement of the ground due to rock breaking below the surface during an earthquake is known as _____.

Question 29 29. What does the Richter scale measure?

Question 30 30. Which of the following best describes a fault?

Physical Science - Earthquakes: Help and Review Chapter Exam Instructions

Choose your answers to the questions and click 'Next' to see the next set of questions. You can skip questions if you would like and come back to them later with the yellow "Go To First Skipped Question" button. When you have completed the practice exam, a green submit button will appear. Click it to see your results. Good luck!

High School Physical Science: Help and Review  /  Science Courses
Support