Psychology Research & Design Analysis Chapter Exam

Exam Instructions:

Choose your answers to the questions and click 'Next' to see the next set of questions. You can skip questions if you would like and come back to them later with the yellow "Go To First Skipped Question" button. When you have completed the practice exam, a green submit button will appear. Click it to see your results. Good luck!

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Question 1 1. Stimulus generalization occurs in both _____ and _____ conditioning

Question 2 2. If a laboratory rat is conditioned to push a feeder bar for a food pellet after seeing a candy apple red light flash in its cage, according to the principles of stimulus generalization the rat would likely also push the feeder bar following the flash of a _____ light.

Question 3 3. Stimulus generalization occurs when a stimulus similar to a(n) _____ elicits a similar _____ to the conditioned stimulus.

Question 4 4. The major advantage of stimulus generalization is that _____.

Question 5 5. Dr. Patel does an experiment in which she shows people either a happy movie, a sad movie, or no movie in a classroom. Then, she asks them to fill out a survey assessing their feelings about whether they want to adopt a pet from the animal shelter. In this experiment, what is the DEPENDENT variable?

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Question 6 6. Dr. Patel does an experiment in which she shows people either a happy movie, a sad movie, or no movie in a classroom. Then, she asks them to fill out a survey assessing their feelings about whether they want to adopt a pet from the animal shelter. In this experiment, what was the control group?

Question 7 7. A school principal wants to conduct an experiment that involves the distribution of a questionnaire. She has only enough copies for half of the students. She decides who will participate by pulling names out of a hat and choosing ten students from each of the four grades in the school. What constitutes the population of this experiment?

Question 8 8. Dr. Marion wants to conduct an experiment that involves the distribution of a questionnaire. She has only enough copies for half of the students. She decides who will participate by pulling names out of a hat and choosing ten students from each of the four grades in the school. What constitutes the sample in this experiment?

Question 9 9. A researcher asks a group of students to complete a survey that measures maturity. She finds that the average score for girls is higher than the average score for boys, with a p-value of 0.03. What should she conclude from this p-value?

Question 10 10. Which of the terms below can be defined as 'an educated guess about a trend, group difference, or association believed to exist'?

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Question 11 11. A teacher wants to compare the reading comprehension skills of children with learning disabilities and children without learning disabilities. Which statistical test should she use to make this comparison?

Question 12 12. A teacher wants to compare children of high, medium, and low family incomes on their satisfaction with the school lunch program. Which statistical test should be used to make this comparison?

Question 13 13. Which of the terms below refers to a piece of paper that explains to you, in detail, everything that will happen in a research study before it begins?

Question 14 14. Before a research study begins, it must be approved by a committee of people who have considered the ethics involved. What is the standard name of this committee?

Question 15 15. After a research study has been completed, all participants must be given details about the purpose, which experimental group they were in, and whether deception was used. This part of the study is called what?

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Question 16 16. Which idea below is considered acceptable within psychology studies, but only if it is absolutely necessary for the success of the study?

Question 17 17. José wants to calculate a correlation; which of the following graphs should he use?

Question 18 18. Which one of the following coefficients indicates that the two variables of interest move in opposite directions while remaining within the possible range of correct calculations?

Question 19 19. Imagine you are looking at a graph that shows a correlational line moving from the bottom left corner of the graph to the upper right corner. Which correlation coefficient below would best represent the pattern of data while remaining within the possible range of correct calculations?

Question 20 20. Dr. Nodd does a study in which she observes parents and their children interacting at home. She finds that the more supportive parents are, the less aggressive their children are. What conclusion can Dr. Nodd make?

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Question 21 21. Miss Tanaka wants to know how parenting style affects children's personalities. To complete her study, she observes children in their own homes, doing what they would naturally be doing anyway. Which type of research design is Miss Tanaka using?

Question 22 22. Dr. Goldberg does a study in which he observes Jerome, a child who has been identified as having a rare disorder. Jerome is the only subject in the study. Which type of research design is Dr. Goldberg using?

Question 23 23. Dr. Yang does a study in which she observes one hundred children over a period of six years, noting changes over time. Which type of research design is Dr. Yang using?

Question 24 24. Ms. Olsen decides to study differences in her classroom between children who have an identified learning disability and children who do not. Which type of research design is Ms. Olsen using?

Question 25 25. The measure or assessment of consistency of scores across time or different contexts is called _____.

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Question 26 26. A researcher performed a study in which she concluded that children who have parents who read to them at home have better reading skills at school. However, she only included children in the top reading level at school, and no children who have trouble reading. Because she only included one group, and not all groups of children, her study probably has a low level of _____.

Question 27 27. If a research study is so specific and strange that it does not have any real world application, we can say that the study has a low level of _____.

Question 28 28. A group of researchers want to make sure that any results they find in a particular group of participants would also be true for other people, in other places, in studies with other researchers. If a study can do this, we can say that the study has a high level of _____.

Question 29 29. Stimulus generalization is an important function of _____.

Question 30 30. Dr. Patel does an experiment in which she shows people either a happy movie, a sad movie, or no movie in a classroom. Then, she asks them to fill out a survey assessing their feelings about whether they want to adopt a pet from the animal shelter. In this experiment, what is the INDEPENDENT variable?

Psychology Research & Design Analysis Chapter Exam Instructions

Choose your answers to the questions and click 'Next' to see the next set of questions. You can skip questions if you would like and come back to them later with the yellow "Go To First Skipped Question" button. When you have completed the practice exam, a green submit button will appear. Click it to see your results. Good luck!

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