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Scientific Method & Reasoning Chapter Exam

Exam Instructions:

Choose your answers to the questions and click 'Next' to see the next set of questions. You can skip questions if you would like and come back to them later with the yellow "Go To First Skipped Question" button. When you have completed the practice exam, a green submit button will appear. Click it to see your results. Good luck!

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Question 1 1. Which best defines observations?

Question 2 2. Ideally, you want your data to be _____.

Question 3 3. The idea that the Earth is at the center of the universe is most related to:

Question 4 4. Your scale incorrectly measures the weight of your chemical by 5 grams each time. Which of the following statements is true about your data?

Question 5 5. You measure the length of a fish 6 times. Each time you find it to be 125 cm long. In reality, the fish is actually 135 cm long. Which of the following statements is true?

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Question 6 6. Which of the following terms is best described as a system used to gain knowledge based on observations, testing and reasoning?

Question 7 7. Which of the following is NOT one of the six key steps of the scientific method?

Question 8 8. Why do scientists have differing opinions about what the same set of data means?

Question 9 9. Which of the following is NOT part of the scientific method?

Question 10 10. When a scientist comes up with a good question, what does he or she do next?

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Question 11 11. If your data produces a p-value of 0.12, which of the following would be true concerning your study?

Question 12 12. If the null hypothesis states, 'There is no relationship between the amount of sleep a person gets each night and the amount of coffee they drink,' which of the following could be an example of an alternative hypothesis for this study?

Question 13 13. Deductive reasoning experiments _____.

Question 14 14. What is one benefit of scientists disagreeing about the meaning of experimental data?

Question 15 15. Which is true about experimentation?

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Question 16 16. You run an experiment to test which brand of food your dog prefers. You offer her three different brands of food at each meal, presenting them all at the same time (so that she does not just prefer the one that comes first!). Three weeks of data collection indicate that she ate Brand C more often than Brand A or Brand B. What can you conclude from these results?

Question 17 17. 'Plurality should not be posited without necessity' is the principle we know as:

Question 18 18. Which of the following is true about conclusions drawn from experimental data?

Question 19 19. Which answer would be the one most in line with Occam's razor if you came to work and noticed the printer has jammed?

Question 20 20. An experiment begins with the researcher believing that couches cause an increase in laziness of participants. He then attempts to find participants with couches and determines their laziness level. Which of the following best describes this type of reasoning?

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Question 21 21. Scientific questioning comes after which step in the scientific process?

Question 22 22. The results of an experiment indicate that owning pets reduces a participant's stress. Therefore, it is concluded that there is some type of relationship between stress levels and pet ownership. Which of the following best describes this type of reasoning?

Question 23 23. Which of the following is a p-value that would show statistical significance?

Question 24 24. What does it mean to draw logical conclusions from experimental data?

Question 25 25. Drift is which kind of error?

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Question 26 26. Inductive reasoning experiments _____.

Question 27 27. Inductive and deductive reasoning typically describes _____.

Question 28 28. Frank performs an experiment to determine whether the amount of cookies a person eats has an affect on their blood sugar level. Frank finds a strong relationship between the amount of cookies a person eats and their blood sugar level, with a p-value of 0.02. Which of the following shows the correct way for Frank to report his findings? How does one properly write that the alternative hypothesis was correct?

Question 29 29. Occam's razor is best described as:

Question 30 30. Which is a process that requires feedback from the scientific community?

Scientific Method & Reasoning Chapter Exam Instructions

Choose your answers to the questions and click 'Next' to see the next set of questions. You can skip questions if you would like and come back to them later with the yellow "Go To First Skipped Question" button. When you have completed the practice exam, a green submit button will appear. Click it to see your results. Good luck!

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