Social Structure & Social Process Theories in Criminology Chapter Exam

Exam Instructions:

Choose your answers to the questions and click 'Next' to see the next set of questions. You can skip questions if you would like and come back to them later with the yellow "Go To First Skipped Question" button. When you have completed the practice exam, a green submit button will appear. Click it to see your results. Good luck!

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Question 1 1. According to Walter Reckless' theory of social control, an individual's moral compass, which tells him what is right or wrong, is an example of an _____.

Question 2 2. According to Walter Reckless' social control theory, all of the following are examples of internal pressures EXCEPT:

Question 3 3. Which theory argues that deviance is a natural and necessary part of society, and it is impossible to not have deviance in a functional society?

Question 4 4.

Brad and Jack have both been charged with crimes. Since Brad is wealthy, he can hire the best attorney in town, who spends countless hours on Brad's case and is able to negotiate a favorable plea on his behalf. Jack, however, is poor so he has a court-appointed attorney, who is extremely over-worked with a high caseload. The attorney is not able to devote any time to Jack's case.

What is this an example of?

Question 5 5. What is the key idea underlying sociological theories of crime?

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Question 6 6. According to the social bonds theory, people would commit crimes if it weren't for which of the following social bonds?

Question 7 7. A criminologist who believes that criminal behavior is learned by interacting and communicating with other people subscribes to which theory of criminology?

Question 8 8. Which answer choice contains the best definition of secondary deviance?

Question 9 9. Which answer choice contains the best definition of projective labeling?

Question 10 10. Which answer choice contains the best definition of social learning theory of criminology?

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Question 11 11. When criminal behavior is frequently rewarded and rarely punished, _____ is most likely to occur.

Question 12 12. Which answer choice contains the best definition of secondary deviance?

Question 13 13. Which answer choice contains the best definition of social disorganization theory?

Question 14 14. Behavior that is contrary to social norms and condemned by the majority of society is referred to as _____, while _____ is any act that is against a legal code or law.

Question 15 15. According to Robert Merton's strain theory, when does retreatism occur?

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Question 16 16. According to Robert K. Merton, which mode of adaption is most likely to be associated with crime?

Question 17 17. Which theory of criminology asks why people obey the law?

Question 18 18.

Kevin and his friend Kurt throw rotten eggs and garbage at a neighbor's home one evening while they are drunk. The next morning, they see the mess they made, but believe they didn't do anything wrong since they were drunk and that neighbor is typically rude to them.

Which theory is in play here?

Question 19 19. Marco repeatedly violates a social norm that leads his colleagues to make assumptions about him and label him. This is an example of _____.

Question 20 20. Which of the following is an example of secondary deviance?

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Question 21 21. This is one of the first criminological theories to state that criminal behavior is learned:

Question 22 22. This term is used by sociologists to refer to any behavior that's contrary to social norms and is condemned by the majority of society:

Question 23 23. Why do people avoid committing crimes, according to social bond theory?

Question 24 24. Which one of the following refers to a major advancement in reducing racial disparities in the American criminal justice system?

Question 25 25. Deviance is defined as _____.

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Question 26 26. Which of the following is NOT a program based on sociological theories of criminology?

Question 27 27. Social disorganization theory was first described by:

Question 28 28. According to Merton, a conformist would include which type of people?

Question 29 29. Differential _____ is the idea that people learn values and behaviors associated with crimes.

Question 30 30. A vigilante on a television show is viewed as a hero by the community, while law enforcement sees him as a criminal. This illustrates _____.

Social Structure & Social Process Theories in Criminology Chapter Exam Instructions

Choose your answers to the questions and click 'Next' to see the next set of questions. You can skip questions if you would like and come back to them later with the yellow "Go To First Skipped Question" button. When you have completed the practice exam, a green submit button will appear. Click it to see your results. Good luck!

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