The Scientific Revolution & the Enlightenment (1500-1790) Chapter Exam

Exam Instructions:

Choose your answers to the questions and click 'Next' to see the next set of questions. You can skip questions if you would like and come back to them later with the yellow "Go To First Skipped Question" button. When you have completed the practice exam, a green submit button will appear. Click it to see your results. Good luck!

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Question 1 1. One of the main causes of the American Revolution stemmed from unfair taxation practices by Great Britain over its American colonies. Why did the British begin taxing the colonies in the 1760s and 1770s?

Question 2 2. Why did Peter the Great wage a 21-year war with Sweden?

Question 3 3. Which age-old theory did William Harvey disprove?

Question 4 4. What religion grew out of the new scientific discoveries and claimed God no longer had a hand in the world, though he did create it?

Question 5 5. The Proclamation of 1763 stated that:

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Question 6 6. Which of the following countries' ideals were adopted as a model for the U.S. Constitution?

Question 7 7. The period of history where the modern scientific method of observation, hypothesis, experimentation, analysis and conclusion was sculpted and refined, and important discoveries were made concerning gravity, the skeletal and muscular systems of the human body and the rotations of the planets was called

Question 8 8. Many rulers during the 18th century tried to centralize all the power in their states into the monarchy but at the same time tried to improve their states by personal implementation of rational thought, empiricism, and individual rights and liberties. These rulers are collectively known as the…

Question 9 9. Many of the medical advances of the early modern period were due to the period's increased emphasis on empiricism, which is the gaining of knowledge through _____.

Question 10 10. Who's famous laws of motion and influence on the development of calculus helped revolutionize scientific and mathematical thinking during the scientific revolution?

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Question 11 11. What institution of higher learning did both Hobbes and Locke attend?

Question 12 12. Thinkers who relied on scientific inquiry and the emphasis on reason were specifically known as the

Question 13 13. What philosopher took skepticism to its theoretical limit by even questioning his own existence?

Question 14 14. Why did Catherine the Great's legal reform fail?

Question 15 15. The scientific method was largely codified by what philosopher of the Scientific Revolution?

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Question 16 16. How did Peter the Great's attempt to Europeanize Russia have a negative impact the Russian people?

Question 17 17. According to Montesquieu's political theories, how could government corruption and despotism be prevented?

Question 18 18. How did Peter the Great centralize power and strengthen his own position?

Question 19 19. Prior to the Scientific Revolution, sickness was thought to be caused by imbalances in the four humors and temperaments of the body. Which of the following was not a humor thought to cause illness?

Question 20 20. The Boston Massacre occurred in:

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Question 21 21. The political upheaval in Great Britain immediately following the American Revolution led to the institution of a reform-minded Parliament in 1783 led by _____.

Question 22 22. The creation of the scientific method of investigation was developed by whom?

Question 23 23. Frederick the Great of Prussia was responsible for the following reforms:

Question 24 24. The philosophical theory that a ruler has an implicit contract with his people to rule fairly that was supported in large part by John Locke and also to some degree by Thomas Hobbes was called…

Question 25 25. Why did the British begin taxing the colonies in the 1760s and 1770s?

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Question 26 26. Many of the medical advances of the early modern period were due to the period's increased emphasis on what?

Question 27 27. Prior to the Scientific Revolution, the material world was believed to be made up of combinations of four different elements. Which of the following is NOT one of these elements?

Question 28 28. Influence of social contract theory can be seen most clearly through which important document?

Question 29 29. Fundamental knowledge of the universe prior to the Scientific Revolution was based on _____, while the new knowledge of the Scientific Revolution was based on observation and experimentation,

Question 30 30. William Pitt the Younger became the youngest prime minister ever in 1783, at the age of .

The Scientific Revolution & the Enlightenment (1500-1790) Chapter Exam Instructions

Choose your answers to the questions and click 'Next' to see the next set of questions. You can skip questions if you would like and come back to them later with the yellow "Go To First Skipped Question" button. When you have completed the practice exam, a green submit button will appear. Click it to see your results. Good luck!

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