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The Transcription and Translation Process for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution Chapter Exam

Exam Instructions:

Choose your answers to the questions and click 'Next' to see the next set of questions. You can skip questions if you would like and come back to them later with the yellow "Go To First Skipped Question" button. When you have completed the practice exam, a green submit button will appear. Click it to see your results. Good luck!

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Question 1 1. Which of the following terms encompasses all the cellular activities involved in building protein molecules?

Question 2 2. How many nucleotide bases make up a codon?

Question 3 3. Which of the following describes an increase in gene expression?

Question 4 4. In which step do the tRNA and mRNA first join up in the ribosome?

Question 5 5. Which single nucleotide makes up the 5' cap?

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Question 6 6. Which of the following is the enzyme that adds RNA nucleotides to build off of the antisense strand?

Question 7 7. Which of the following is the correct sequence in which a DNA sequence is used to produce a protein?

Question 8 8. Which of the following is the process of decoding RNA as instructions for building an amino acid chain?

Question 9 9. Which two types of nucleic acids move into the ribosome during translation?

Question 10 10. A scientist identifies two different structures that both specify the same amino acid. How would the scientist describe these structures?

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Question 11 11. The letters used in the codon chart come from which type of nucleic acid strand?

Question 12 12. How many subunits make up the ribosome complex?

Question 13 13. While studying for an upcoming test, your friend Jane tells you that prokaryotic cells process their RNA in the nucleus. Is this a correct statement? Why or why not?

Question 14 14. All of the following statements are true, EXCEPT:

Question 15 15. Which parts of a gene were originally thought of as 'junk DNA'?

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Question 16 16. What is the anticodon for the codon AAG?

Question 17 17. Which of the following is the process of transferring genetic information from DNA to RNA?

Question 18 18. Before an mRNA molecule is finished with RNA processing, what is it called?

Question 19 19. What makes the lac repressor fall off the lac operator?

Question 20 20. In which step does the ribosome reach a stop codon and end the process of translation?

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Question 21 21. Which is the strand that serves as the template for transcription?

Question 22 22. In which phase of transcription does the RNA polymerase attach to the promoter sequence of DNA?

Question 23 23. The ability of codons to match with the appropriate amino acids is called _____.

Question 24 24. The letters used in the codon chart are reflections of which type of code?

Question 25 25. Why can we manufacture insulin for humans with bacteria?

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Question 26 26. Which part of the lac operon codes for the lactose digesting enzymes?

Question 27 27. What are the functions of spliceosomes in RNA splicing?

Question 28 28. Which of the following is NOT a segment of DNA?

Question 29 29. During translation protein X, the codon UAA is found on the mRNA. This codon codes for _____.

Question 30 30. All of the following statements are correct, EXCEPT:

The Transcription and Translation Process for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution Chapter Exam Instructions

Choose your answers to the questions and click 'Next' to see the next set of questions. You can skip questions if you would like and come back to them later with the yellow "Go To First Skipped Question" button. When you have completed the practice exam, a green submit button will appear. Click it to see your results. Good luck!

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