Which of the following statements does NOT represent the idea of heritability by acquired characteristics?
I. A body builder develops stronger muscles during the course of his life, so his son will be strong as well.
II. A cat that lost its tail will produce offspring with shorter tails.
III. Over time, a population of heavily striped zebras increased over those without as much striping, as the heavily striped ones had a competitive advantage over the zebras with fewer stripes, and were, therefore, better able to reproduce.
Which of the following is an example of natural selection?
I. Albino animals are rare in nature because they are easy for predators to find.
II. The fastest gazelle is least likely to be eaten by a lion.
III. The gorilla that is strong enough to become alpha male is the most likely to pass on his genes.