Thinking & Problem Solving Chapter Exam

Exam Instructions:

Choose your answers to the questions and click 'Next' to see the next set of questions. You can skip questions if you would like and come back to them later with the yellow "Go To First Skipped Question" button. When you have completed the practice exam, a green submit button will appear. Click it to see your results. Good luck!

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Question 1 1. A way to classify something in your mind refers to as a _____.

Question 2 2. Which of the following is NOT an advantage of concepts?

Question 3 3. The idea that members of a group differ in how similar they are to a prototype is called _____.

Question 4 4. James is trying to study for a test but he is having difficulty with all areas of information processing. What would help him improve the very first step of information processing?

Question 5 5. Which of the following is an example of using maintenance rehearsal to retain information?

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Question 6 6. Susan's math teacher always relates the current topic back to real world problems that the students have experienced. The teacher is helping the students to use _____ to increase retention of the material.

Question 7 7. The _____ stage of Piaget's cognitive development theory is characterized by the development of abstract systems of thought that allow learners to solve complex problems with multiple factors.

Question 8 8. Knowing that a sandwich contains the same amount of food whether it is cut into two pieces or four pieces represents the concept of _____.

Question 9 9. According to Piaget, children in the preoperational stage have difficulty taking the perspective of another person. They are demonstrating _____.

Question 10 10. Gestalt theory:

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Question 11 11. Self-harming behavior like cutting oneself because you are angry at someone else is an example of which contact problem?

Question 12 12. Which of these is not a problem with contact with the world?

Question 13 13. In the IDEAL Strategy, what does the letter 'D' stand for?

Question 14 14. General 'mental short-cuts' or quick decision-making rules, such as, 'you get what you pay for' or 'shorter lines move more quickly' could be considered what type of problem-solving strategy?

Question 15 15. Hanna isn't sure what topic to pick for her public speaking class, so she decides to draw out possible solutions in a visual way, to help her explore the options. She writes down different ideas, circles them, then draws lines connecting different related ideas. Which problem-solving strategy is Hanna using?

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Question 16 16. Which of these correctly lists the Greek philosophers in order of who taught who?

Question 17 17. Which of these philosophers was MOST associated with associationism?

Question 18 18. What do modern psychologists call conscious reflection on one's own thoughts or feelings?

Question 19 19. According to Vygotsky, what is the process of constructing an internal representation of external physical objects or actions?

Question 20 20. Many children in kindergarten enjoy playing 'house.' How does the value of play benefit young children, according to Vygotsky?

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Question 21 21. According to Vygotsky, a child's use of the word 'da' for daddy is indicative of which stage of speech development?

Question 22 22. Inductive and deductive reasoning typically describes _____.

Question 23 23. Deductive reasoning experiments _____.

Question 24 24. An experiment begins with the researcher believing that couches cause an increase in laziness of participants. He then attempts to find participants with couches and determines their laziness level. Which of the following best describes this type of reasoning?

Question 25 25. A representative of a concept is a _____.

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Question 26 26. What is information processing?

Question 27 27. Which of the following areas of thinking is NOT included in concrete operational structure?

Question 28 28. If someone hates the qualities in others that are present in herself, she is displaying:

Question 29 29. Jean-Phillip likes to draw bar graphs of his spending habits, to help him understand his expenses so he can manage his money. What general type of problem-solving strategy is Jean-Phillip using?

Question 30 30. Which of these mantra's summarized Socrates' belief in the power of conscious self-reflection?

Thinking & Problem Solving Chapter Exam Instructions

Choose your answers to the questions and click 'Next' to see the next set of questions. You can skip questions if you would like and come back to them later with the yellow "Go To First Skipped Question" button. When you have completed the practice exam, a green submit button will appear. Click it to see your results. Good luck!

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