Below is a transcript of a Listening passage:
PROFESSOR: Today I'd like to raise an interesting discussion topic: was 18th-century Britain a modern state? Who'd like to start us off?
STUDENT 1: I think it was, because, uh, the Industrial Revolution was - it was already happening.
PROFESSOR: So you think industrialization - that's what defines a modern state?
STUDENT 1: Well, yeah, I guess.
STUDENT 2: Also the financial system was, like, they had banks and stuff.
PROFESSOR: Okay, so a modernized financial system. Good. What else?
STUDENT 1: I guess, um, the army? Was the army modern?
PROFESSOR: Good question. What would you say defines a modern army?
What aspects of 18th century Britain do the students bring up in the discussion?
a. The army
b. The political organization
c. The financial system
d. The transportation infrastructure