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Urinary System for the MCAT: Help and Review Chapter Exam

Exam Instructions:

Choose your answers to the questions and click 'Next' to see the next set of questions. You can skip questions if you would like and come back to them later with the yellow "Go To First Skipped Question" button. When you have completed the practice exam, a green submit button will appear. Click it to see your results. Good luck!

Page 1

Question 1 1. The glomerulus forms _____ which flows into the _____ and then into the _____.

Question 2 2. How does the JG apparatus respond to a low amount of sodium in the distal convoluted tubule?

Question 3 3. Why were the interlobar arteries given their name?

Question 4 4. The proximal convoluted tubule should reabsorb all of the:

Question 5 5. Identify the following:

Page 2

Question 6 6. What is the most important hormone involved in determining how diluted or concentrated your urine will be?

Question 7 7. PTH will cause the kidneys to convert:

Question 8 8. How does ANP help to counter the RAAS?

Question 9 9. The following structure is located, in its entirety, in the renal cortex:

Question 10 10. The following is the most important organ involved in the detoxification of your body:

Page 3

Question 11 11. The release of PTH will cause:

Question 12 12. If the glomerular filtration rate is increasing, then what preceded this change?

Question 13 13. Which of the following helps to induce oncotic pressure?

Question 14 14. The kidneys are involved in the production of:

Question 15 15. Under normal conditions, the glomerulus will be permeable to:

Page 4

Question 16 16. Which of the following is NOT a part of the juxtaglomerular apparatus?

Question 17 17. The following filter blood and form urine:

Question 18 18. Since water balance is such an important part of kidney function, what might be a symptom of kidney failure?

Question 19 19. As oxygenated blood travels from the heart through the abdominal aorta, by what vessel(s) does it get to the kidneys?

Question 20 20. If a sample of blood contains glucose and hemoglobin, which is MOST likely to pass through the glomerulus, and why?

Page 5

Question 21 21. Under normal conditions, what has the final say as to whether or not your urine becomes acidic or alkaline?

Question 22 22. One of the side effects of drug X is excessive urination. What modification in drug mechanism could be developed to reduce this problem?

Question 23 23. Which structure reabsorbs the majority of ultrafiltrate?

Question 24 24. The afferent arteriole:

Question 25 25. A condition whereupon a person's body is unable to form concentrated urine, due to an absence or lack of a response to ADH, is called _____.

Page 6

Question 26 26. Which of the following is TRUE about aldosterone?

Question 27 27. Which of these do the kidneys do in cases of respiratory alkalosis?

Question 28 28. Which of the following best describes ACE?

Question 29 29. In the case of the kidney's glomerulus, what is hydrostatic pressure?

Question 30 30. The glomerulus is located in the:

Urinary System for the MCAT: Help and Review Chapter Exam Instructions

Choose your answers to the questions and click 'Next' to see the next set of questions. You can skip questions if you would like and come back to them later with the yellow "Go To First Skipped Question" button. When you have completed the practice exam, a green submit button will appear. Click it to see your results. Good luck!

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