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Urinary System Chapter Exam

Exam Instructions:

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Question 1 1. The renal artery is the primary source of blood supply for the _____.

Question 2 2. What is the primary function of the juxtaglomerular apparatus?

Question 3 3. The renal hilum is the location where one would find the _____.

Question 4 4. Glomerulus is the specific name of the _____ where blood filtration occurs in the kidneys.

Question 5 5. WHAT is the bodily production response of angiotensin II to counter a decrease in the production of renin?

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Question 6 6. Secretion of potassium into urine, promoting absorption of sodium out of the renal tubule's filtrate and into the blood, and encouraging more water to be reabsorbed back into the blood in order to increase the blood pressure are functions attributed to WHAT steroid hormone?

Question 7 7. The enzyme renin would be released in the body due to a response to WHAT action?

Question 8 8. Osmoregulation is the active regulation of _____ movement in and out of a cell or body.

Question 9 9. Acid-base balance, water regulation, and waste excretion are primary functions of which bodily organ(s)?

Question 10 10. Following fluid flow from the filtration membrane through the nephron, WHERE is the location of fluid directly BEFORE it reaches the collecting duct?

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Question 11 11. WHAT is a primary function of the proximal convoluted tubule?

Question 12 12. Water is reabsorbed back into the blood in the thin segment of the descending limb of the _____.

Question 13 13. The ureter is the tube that carries urine from the kidneys to the _____.

Question 14 14. Why are the renal pyramids connected to the renal pelvis?

Question 15 15. How is urine moved from the bladder to the urethra?

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Question 16 16. Why were the interlobar arteries given their name?

Question 17 17. Under normal conditions, what has the final say as to whether or not your urine becomes acidic or alkaline?

Question 18 18. GFR is an abbreviation of:

Question 19 19. The glomerulus is _____.

Question 20 20. Which of the following is NOT found in the ultrafiltrate produced by the glomerulus?

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Question 21 21. What is the most important hormone involved in determining how diluted or concentrated your urine will be?

Question 22 22. Norepinephrine may be released by the sympathetic nervous system in order to directly increase blood pressure during hypotension. In addition, the sympathetic nervous system may also trigger vasoconstriction by which of the following mechanisms?

Question 23 23. Which of the following best describes ACE?

Question 24 24. Where are the renal pyramids are located?

Question 25 25. The following filter blood and form urine:

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Question 26 26. We know the arcuate arteries are named because they resemble an arc. Where are they located?

Question 27 27. What do the kidneys do in cases of respiratory alkalosis?

Question 28 28. Two systems that influence GFR are known as:

Question 29 29. The efferent arteriole carries _____.

Question 30 30. The release of PTH will cause:

Urinary System Chapter Exam Instructions

Choose your answers to the questions and click 'Next' to see the next question. You can skip questions if you would like and come back to them later with the "Go To First Skipped Question" button. When you have completed the practice exam, a green submit button will appear. Click it to see your results. You will lose your work if you close or refresh this page. Good luck!

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