6th Grade Science Vocabulary Words & Flashcards

6th Grade Science Vocabulary Words & Flashcards
1/45 (missed) 0 0
Start Your Free Trial To Continue Studying

As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 70,000 lessons in math, English, science, history, and more. Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you succeed.

Free 5-day trial
It only takes a few minutes to set up and you can cancel at any time.
Already registered? Login here for access
atom
the smallest unit of matter with protons and neutrons in the nucleus, and electrons orbiting around it
Got it
ion
an atom that gains or loses electons
Got it
isotope
when an atom changes its number of neutrons
Got it
why are negative and positive charges attracted to each other?
they are opposite charges
Got it
neutral
having no charge
Got it
electrons
orbit outside the atom with a negative (-1 charge)
Got it
neutrons
the neutral particles of a neutron
Got it
protons
positively charged (+1 charge) particles of a nucleus
Got it
nucleus
the center of an atom
Got it
potential energy
the stored energy of an object due to its position
Got it
kinetic energy
the energy of an object in motion
Got it
momentum
mass in motion
Got it
weight
measure of gravitational force on an object
Got it
mass
measure of how much matter an object has
Got it
inertia
an object's resistance to change in motion
Got it
force
when we push or pull on an object
Got it
decelerating
decreasing velocity
Got it
accelerating
increasing velocity
Got it
velocity
adding direction to speed
Got it
speed
how fast or slow something is going or distance traveled over a period of time
Got it
45 cards in set

Flashcard Content Overview

This flashcard set covers vocabulary terms used in 6th grade science classes. The flashcards quiz over some common words, like atom and temperature and also include some terms that may not be as common to some students, like proton and conduction. These cards will help you understand terms related to biology, chemistry, movement and many other areas of 6th grade science.

Front
Back
speed
how fast or slow something is going or distance traveled over a period of time
velocity
adding direction to speed
accelerating
increasing velocity
decelerating
decreasing velocity
force
when we push or pull on an object
inertia
an object's resistance to change in motion
mass
measure of how much matter an object has
weight
measure of gravitational force on an object
momentum
mass in motion
kinetic energy
the energy of an object in motion
potential energy
the stored energy of an object due to its position
nucleus
the center of an atom
protons
positively charged (+1 charge) particles of a nucleus
neutrons
the neutral particles of a neutron
electrons
orbit outside the atom with a negative (-1 charge)
neutral
having no charge
why are negative and positive charges attracted to each other?
they are opposite charges
isotope
when an atom changes its number of neutrons
ion
an atom that gains or loses electons
atom
the smallest unit of matter with protons and neutrons in the nucleus, and electrons orbiting around it
acids
substances that can donate a proton during chemical reactions
bases
substances that accept protons during chemical reactions
pH
the scale that measures the acidity or basicity of something
chemical reaction
when at least one substance changes into a totally new substance
chemical change
a chemical reaction that is generally not reversible
physical change
when a substance's physical properties are changed but not its chemical properties
solubility
how well a substance dissolves
phases
the form a substance is in: solid, liquid, gas
solid
a substance where particles are tightly packed together
liquid
a substance where the particles are a little farther apart than a solid and can move around
gas
a substance where particles are so far apart from each other they can spread out to fill an entire space
temperature
a measure of the amount of the heat the substance has
Fahrenheit
scale used to measure temperature in the U.S. where water boils at 212 degrees and freezes at 32 degrees
Celsius
way to measure temperature where water boils at 100 degrees and freezes at 0 degrees
Kelvin scale
used in science because it defines absolute zero where water freezes at 273K and boils at 373K
absolute zero
a theoretical point where molecules are so cold they do not move at all
The Law of Conservation of Energy
states that energy cannot be created or destroyed, only converted from one form to another
conduction
the transfer of energy through direct contact
convection
energy transfer through currents
radiation
when energy is transferred through space
charge
the amount of electricity carried by a substance or object
conductors
move electricity well
circuit
a closed path that electricity can flow through
electric current
the movement of electricity
resistance
the measurement of how much something opposes current

To unlock this flashcard set you must be a Study.com Member.
Create your account

Unlock Your Education

See for yourself why 30 million people use Study.com

Become a Study.com member and start learning now.
Become a Member

Already a member? Log In

Support