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American Civil War Overview Flashcards

American Civil War Overview Flashcards
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Battle of Antietam
The bloodiest day in American history, in which 23,000 soldiers were killed. Significant to the war because it brought about the Emancipation Proclamation.
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Battle of Shiloh
A massive Civil War battle and ultimate Union victory over a main railroad junction.
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Battle of Hampton Roads
Famous naval battle during the Civil War between two outfitted battleships, the Confederate CSS Virginia and the modernized Union USS Monitor, in which the CSS Virginia fled the battle.
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George McClellan
Union General who mocked the Anaconda plan and took his time getting it into action.
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Anaconda Plan
The name for the Union's long-term battle plan for winning the Civil War, a plan that wrapped around the South to halt economic activity.
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Stonewall Jackson
Nickname of Thomas Jackson, a Confederate army commander known for standing at his station like a 'stone wall.'
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Battle of Bull Run
First major battle of the Civil War, which the Confederacy handily won. It resulted in around 5,000 casualties.
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April 12, 1861
Start of the Civil War, when the first shots were fired at the Battle of Ft. Sumter.
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Battle of Ft. Sumter
Where the first shots of the U.S. Civil War were fired April 12, 1861.
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Robert E. Lee
Confederate general and strong leader for the South for the duration of the Civil War.
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Abraham Lincoln
President of the United States from 1861-1865, for the duration of the Civil War.
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Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederate States of America during its existence from 1861-1865.
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Confederate States of America
Government formed in 1860, led by South Carolina, by states wanting to secede from the union over issues with slavery and the election of 1860.
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American Civil War
War fought between the Confederate and Union states over issues of slavery, agriculture, and business.
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The Union
Collection of northern U.S. states that fought against the Confederacy in the Civil War.
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The Confederacy
Collection of 11 southern U.S. states that formed a government from 1861-1865 and fought against the North in the Civil War.
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33 cards in set

Flashcard Content Overview

Do you know the bloodiest day in American history? Can you name the President of the Confederate States of America? In this flashcard set, the Civil War is covered from the first shots at the Battle of Ft. Sumter to the surrender of Robert E. Lee. Learn about critical events in the deadliest conflict the United States has endured. These cards will cover events and people you have heard of, like President Abraham Lincoln and the Emancipation Proclamation. It will also cover lesser-known concepts, like Cold Harbor and the Overland Campaign, which were just as important to the resolution of the Civil War.

Studying with Flashcards

You can access this course any time from any mobile device to quiz yourself for an upcoming test, help you understand your homework, or simply learn more about the Civil War and its causes. Simply go through the set and mark flashcards to test yourself and mark flashcards that you get correct or miss. That way, you know what terms you know really well and what terms you need to study up on a little bit more. Happy learning!

Front
Back
The Confederacy
Collection of 11 southern U.S. states that formed a government from 1861-1865 and fought against the North in the Civil War.
The Union
Collection of northern U.S. states that fought against the Confederacy in the Civil War.
American Civil War
War fought between the Confederate and Union states over issues of slavery, agriculture, and business.
Confederate States of America
Government formed in 1860, led by South Carolina, by states wanting to secede from the union over issues with slavery and the election of 1860.
Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederate States of America during its existence from 1861-1865.
Abraham Lincoln
President of the United States from 1861-1865, for the duration of the Civil War.
Robert E. Lee
Confederate general and strong leader for the South for the duration of the Civil War.
Battle of Ft. Sumter
Where the first shots of the U.S. Civil War were fired April 12, 1861.
April 12, 1861
Start of the Civil War, when the first shots were fired at the Battle of Ft. Sumter.
Battle of Bull Run
First major battle of the Civil War, which the Confederacy handily won. It resulted in around 5,000 casualties.
Stonewall Jackson
Nickname of Thomas Jackson, a Confederate army commander known for standing at his station like a 'stone wall.'
Anaconda Plan
The name for the Union's long-term battle plan for winning the Civil War, a plan that wrapped around the South to halt economic activity.
George McClellan
Union General who mocked the Anaconda plan and took his time getting it into action.
Battle of Hampton Roads
Famous naval battle during the Civil War between two outfitted battleships, the Confederate CSS Virginia and the modernized Union USS Monitor, in which the CSS Virginia fled the battle.
Battle of Shiloh
A massive Civil War battle and ultimate Union victory over a main railroad junction.
Battle of Antietam
The bloodiest day in American history, in which 23,000 soldiers were killed. Significant to the war because it brought about the Emancipation Proclamation.
Emancipation Proclamation
President Lincoln's order that all slaves held in the South were free as of 1/1/1863. This freed around three million southern slaves.
Clara Barton
Nurse who took it upon herself to enter battlefields and tend to the injured. Her role eventually became the founding idea for the Red Cross.
Copperheads
Northern Democrats opposed to the Civil War who organized activities against the Union.
Battle of Chancellorsville
Risky battle of judgment between Generals Lee and Jackson for the Confederacy and Union General Hooker, where the Union was defeated but Stonewall was shot and eventually died of pneumonia.
Battle of Gettysburg
Deadliest battle of the Civil War, with over 57,000 casualties over three days. Remembered as a turning point for the Union.
Siege of Vicksburg
Town in Mississippi that was fought over for six months, ending in Ulysses S. Grant and the Union capturing it and controlling the Mississippi River.
Overland Campaign
Series of Civil War battles during Ulysses S. Grant's campaign in the East, part of his campaign to finish the Anaconda Plan.
The Wilderness
The first part of Grant's Overland Campaign, where he focused on his strategy of bringing casualties rather than winning battles.
Cold Harbor
Site of a Civil War battle near Richmond that was won by the Confederacy but kept Lee in the area and on the defensive until the war ended.
Petersburg
Site of a ten month Civil War engagement over the supply city to Richmond, which Grant eventually won in April of 1865 after many attempts.
General William Tecumseh Sherman
Union General tasked with capturing Atlanta towards the end of the Civil War.
Atlanta Campaign
General Sherman's plan to move south and capture Atlanta, which he did in September 1864.
March to the Sea
General Sherman's path from Atlanta to the coast, a fiery, destructive campaign to destroy resources that did an estimated 100 million dollars in damages.
Appomattox Courthouse
Site of General Lee's surrender in the Civil War on April 9, 1865. This was the unofficial end of the Civil War.
April 9, 1865
Date of General Lee's surrender, effectively ending the Civil War.
Lincoln's Assassination
April 14, 1865 in Ford's Theatre in Washington, D.C. Carried out by John Wilkes Booth, a Southern sympathizer who was later captured and killed.
John Wilkes Booth
Confederate sympathizer who assassinated President Lincoln on April 14, 1865.

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