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American Law Enforcement Flashcards

American Law Enforcement Flashcards
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County sheriff departments
A county-wide law enforcement group in charge of area jails and courts and provide services to local areas without their own police.
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Secret Service
In addition to protecting the president and other political figures, this agency of the Department of Homeland Security also investigates fraud and other financial crimes.
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Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)
The main federal law enforcement agency in the U.S. under the Department of Justice that investigates crimes within the national borders and/or over state lines.
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Federal Marshals Service
An agency under the Department of Justice that is charged with hunting fugitives and protects law enforcement appearing in court.
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Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE)
An agency in the Department of Homeland Security that focuses on immigration and the movement of goods over national boarders, including issues of human trafficking and child exploitation.
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Coast guard
An agency of the Department of Homeland Security that enforces maritime law at sea with foreign and domestic jurisdiction.
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Department of Homeland Security (DHS)
The group of agencies that protect the U.S. from threats outside the border, including Immigration and Customs Enforcement, Transportation Security Administration, Secret Service and Coast Guard.
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Department of Justice (DOJ)
The department containing different agencies that work in tandem to investigate and eradicate crime within national borders.
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16 cards in set

Flashcard Content Overview

If you need a refresher on the many different types and functions of law enforcement agencies in the United States, use this flashcard set. This set includes details about the major agencies at local, state, and federal levels and includes information about how they work together. Both centralized and decentralized models are discussed with examples, and national departments for law enforcement - such as the Department of Justice and the Department of Homeland Security - are explained with examples of agencies in each. This flashcard set can help you refresh your memory of these agencies and can help you study for an exam on this material.

Front
Back
Department of Justice (DOJ)
The department containing different agencies that work in tandem to investigate and eradicate crime within national borders.
Department of Homeland Security (DHS)
The group of agencies that protect the U.S. from threats outside the border, including Immigration and Customs Enforcement, Transportation Security Administration, Secret Service and Coast Guard.
Coast guard
An agency of the Department of Homeland Security that enforces maritime law at sea with foreign and domestic jurisdiction.
Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE)
An agency in the Department of Homeland Security that focuses on immigration and the movement of goods over national boarders, including issues of human trafficking and child exploitation.
Federal Marshals Service
An agency under the Department of Justice that is charged with hunting fugitives and protects law enforcement appearing in court.
Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)
The main federal law enforcement agency in the U.S. under the Department of Justice that investigates crimes within the national borders and/or over state lines.
Secret Service
In addition to protecting the president and other political figures, this agency of the Department of Homeland Security also investigates fraud and other financial crimes.
County sheriff departments
A county-wide law enforcement group in charge of area jails and courts and provide services to local areas without their own police.
Municipal police departments
Law enforcement that concentrates on local crime and issues within city limits.
Main downfall of private law enforcement
Under paid contract, private security is more inclined to do what is best for the person paying them than what is legal or honest.
Benefit of private law enforcement
It is cheaper and more reliable to have private security forces under a contract, against whom legal action can be taken in cases of a breach of contract.
State law enforcement
State police or highway patrol that investigate and prevent crime across jurisdictions within a state and serve rural areas without individual police stations.
Problem-oriented policing
Preventative crime-fighting that focuses on removing the impetus for illegal activity, such as gun buy-back programs or maintaining safe spaces.
Centralized model for police agencies
The model for law enforcement that combines multiple agencies, such as highway patrol and state police, into one core entity.
Decentralized model for police agencies
Different duties are overseen by different agencies, such as the state patrol and the state highway patrol.
Identify the appropriate agency to oversee an investigation regarding the manufacturing of drugs in Houston, Texas and selling them in Dallas, Texas.
The crime crosses county lines so it is out of the jurisdiction of local police. It occurs in one state, so federal investigation is not required. This should be handled by the state police.

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