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American Progressive Era Flashcards

American Progressive Era Flashcards
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Workplace improvements that resulted from the Progressive movement in the early 1900s:
Restricted workdays for women; health and safety standards for the workplace; the growth of labor unions; compensation for workers injured on the job; child labor laws.
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Child labor laws
A major goal of the Progressive movement in the early 20th century. By 1914, most states had set minimum ages for employment and prohibited children from doing dangerous jobs.
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Influential muckrackers from the Progressive era
Ida B. Tarbell, Upton Sinclair, Lincoln Steffans, David Graham Phillip
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The Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906
A law to ensure clean food and medicine, inspired by muckracking literature like Upton Sinclair's novel 'The Jungle.'
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The Jungle
A muckracking book of the Progressive Era that revealed disgusting and unsanitary conditions in meatpacking plants in Chicago.
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17th Amendment to the US Constitution
Allowed voters to directly elect their state senators, in an effort to reduce corruption.
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Initiative (in the political sense, not the general meaning of the word):
A way for ordinary people to propose state laws. Initiatives were part of progressive reform measures.
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Progressive view of government in the late 19th and early 20th centuries:
Government should actively be involved in reducing inequality and suffering.
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Ways that president Theodore Roosevelt worked to conserve America's national resources:
Set up new government agencies like the National Conservation Commission; set aside public land for national forests and parks; gathered experts to discuss conservation efforts.
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Department of Commerce and Labor
A new government agency set up by Theodore Roosevelt in 1903 to regulate interstate trade in response to demands by progressive reformers. It was part of Roosevelt's Square Deal.
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Progressive reformers
A group of reformers who wanted to address the social, economic, and political problems of late 19th and early 20th-century America through increased government involvement.
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Flashcard Content Overview

The Progressive era was a time of important social, economic, and political change. Progressive reformers wanted to involve government in reducing social and economic inequality, eliminating political corruption, and putting the brakes on shady business practices. Use these flashcards to learn all about the presidents and reformers of the Progressive era, including Theodore Roosevelt, Woodrow Wilson, W. E. B. Du Bois, Eugene Debs, and Margaret Sanger.

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Progressive reformers
A group of reformers who wanted to address the social, economic, and political problems of late 19th and early 20th-century America through increased government involvement.
Department of Commerce and Labor
A new government agency set up by Theodore Roosevelt in 1903 to regulate interstate trade in response to demands by progressive reformers. It was part of Roosevelt's Square Deal.
Ways that president Theodore Roosevelt worked to conserve America's national resources:
Set up new government agencies like the National Conservation Commission; set aside public land for national forests and parks; gathered experts to discuss conservation efforts.
Progressive view of government in the late 19th and early 20th centuries:
Government should actively be involved in reducing inequality and suffering.
Initiative (in the political sense, not the general meaning of the word):
A way for ordinary people to propose state laws. Initiatives were part of progressive reform measures.
17th Amendment to the US Constitution
Allowed voters to directly elect their state senators, in an effort to reduce corruption.
The Jungle
A muckracking book of the Progressive Era that revealed disgusting and unsanitary conditions in meatpacking plants in Chicago.
The Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906
A law to ensure clean food and medicine, inspired by muckracking literature like Upton Sinclair's novel 'The Jungle.'
Influential muckrackers from the Progressive era
Ida B. Tarbell, Upton Sinclair, Lincoln Steffans, David Graham Phillip
Child labor laws
A major goal of the Progressive movement in the early 20th century. By 1914, most states had set minimum ages for employment and prohibited children from doing dangerous jobs.
Workplace improvements that resulted from the Progressive movement in the early 1900s:
Restricted workdays for women; health and safety standards for the workplace; the growth of labor unions; compensation for workers injured on the job; child labor laws.
Margaret Sanger
A Progressive reformer who opened the first birth control clinic in 1916 in New York City
Clayton Antitrust Act
A Progressive reform of 1914, which prohibited unfair business practices like price-fixing (offering different prices to different consumers)
Eugene Debs
A Socialist who ran for president in 1912 on a platform of public ownership of railways, abolishing tariffs, labor reforms, and insurance for workers against accidents and death.
Reforms during the presidency of Woodrow Wilson
Lower tariffs; a publicly-controlled banking system; anti-trust legislation; increased regulation of big business.
Plessy v. Ferguson
1896 ruling of 'separate but equal' that allowed racial segregation in public schools.
Grandfather clause
A law making it easy for a person to vote if his grandfather had been allowed to vote before 1867. In practice, this excluded poor African Americans from voting in the south.
The Birth of a Nation
1915 movie glorifying the Ku Klux Klan; it inspired a wave of new Klan members.
African-Americans who fought for racial justice during the Progressive era
Ida B. Wells, Booker T. Washington, W. E. B. DuBois
NAACP
The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, an organization of white and African-American progressive reformers to promote racial justice.
19th Amendment to the US Constitution
Extended the right to vote to women.
Ways Theodore Roosevelt tried to improve working conditions for Americans:
Child labor laws; more power to labor unions; restrictions on big corporations; health and safety standards in the workplace.

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