Copyright

American Reconstruction Era Flashcards

American Reconstruction Era Flashcards
1/22 (missed) 0 0
Create Your Account To Continue Studying

As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 79,000 lessons in math, English, science, history, and more. Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you succeed.

Try it risk-free
Try it risk-free for 30 days. Cancel anytime
Already registered? Log in here for access
Effects of the Battle of Little Bighorn (June 1876)
The Native American victory prompted violent retaliation from the U.S. government.
Got it
Chinese Exclusion Act
A law passed in 1882 refusing entry to further Chinese immigrants, who were blamed for taking jobs away from Americans and keeping wages low.
Got it
Consequences of completing the transcontinental railroad (1869)
Faster travel across the country; more opportunities for American businesses; growth of white-collar jobs; economic problems for Chinese immigrants and Native Americans.
Got it
Union Pacific Railroad
Part of the transcontinental railroad built after the American Civil War. It started in Nebraska and moved westward from there.
Got it
Major effect of the Homestead Act of 1862
Increased westward migration of European settlers.
Got it
Homestead Act of 1862
Granted 160 acres of land to anyone who would live there and farm the land for 5 years.
Got it
Fifteenth Amendment to the US Constitution
Prohibited any discrimination in voting rights based on race. In practice, this meant that African-Americans now had the right to vote (1870).
Got it
Fourteenth Amendment to the US Constitution
Declared that anyone born in the US was a US citizen; prohibited states from denying people their constitutional rights without due process, or from denying them equal protection of the law - 1868
Got it
Thirteenth Amendment to the US Constitution
Permanently outlawed slavery in the entire country (1865).
Got it
Successes of Reconstruction
Southern states were readmitted into the Union; Black Americans got voting rights and elected to public office; slavery was outlawed.
Got it
Reconstruction
The effort of the US federal government to rebuild the South and reintegrate Southern states into the union after the Civil War.
Got it
22 cards in set

Flashcard Content Overview

These flashcards cover American history from the end of the Civil War all the way up to the early 1900s. Learn about American expansion into the West, the violent removal of Native Americans from their ancestral territory, the Second Industrial Revolution, and the increasing growth of urban centers and industrial labor around the turn of the century.

Front
Back
Reconstruction
The effort of the US federal government to rebuild the South and reintegrate Southern states into the union after the Civil War.
Successes of Reconstruction
Southern states were readmitted into the Union; Black Americans got voting rights and elected to public office; slavery was outlawed.
Thirteenth Amendment to the US Constitution
Permanently outlawed slavery in the entire country (1865).
Fourteenth Amendment to the US Constitution
Declared that anyone born in the US was a US citizen; prohibited states from denying people their constitutional rights without due process, or from denying them equal protection of the law - 1868
Fifteenth Amendment to the US Constitution
Prohibited any discrimination in voting rights based on race. In practice, this meant that African-Americans now had the right to vote (1870).
Homestead Act of 1862
Granted 160 acres of land to anyone who would live there and farm the land for 5 years.
Major effect of the Homestead Act of 1862
Increased westward migration of European settlers.
Union Pacific Railroad
Part of the transcontinental railroad built after the American Civil War. It started in Nebraska and moved westward from there.
Consequences of completing the transcontinental railroad (1869)
Faster travel across the country; more opportunities for American businesses; growth of white-collar jobs; economic problems for Chinese immigrants and Native Americans.
Chinese Exclusion Act
A law passed in 1882 refusing entry to further Chinese immigrants, who were blamed for taking jobs away from Americans and keeping wages low.
Effects of the Battle of Little Bighorn (June 1876)
The Native American victory prompted violent retaliation from the U.S. government.
Dawes Act of 1887
Split up reservation territory so that it was the property of individuals, not tribes. This was intended to reduce tribal power and force Native Americans to assimilate.
Reasons why Native American tribes struggled to fight back against American expansion to the west after the Civil War:
Reservations did not have enough resources to support native populations; US soldiers constantly broke treaties if they found gold or anything valuable on tribal land.
Ways that Native Americans were forced to assimilate to Anglo-American culture:
Tribal lands were split up among individual owners; children were taken from their parents and sent to boarding schools; adults were forced to live as farmers.
Political machines (as used in reference to gilded age politics)
Networks that maintained the power of a boss or political group. Political machines gained power as urban populations grew during the Gilded Age.
The 'spoils system' during the American Gilded Age:
A system where government jobs went to people who had done favors for powerful politicians, not people who were the most qualified.
Effect of industrialization on American cities during the Gilded Age:
A sharp increase in low-wage, low-skill industrial jobs fueled massive population growth in cities.
Urbanization in the late 19th and early 20th century
The growth of population and concentration of people in cities. This fueled economic expansion, but conditions for workers were often crowded, dirty, and unhealthy.
Henry Bessemer
Patented a cheap method for processing steel, which allowed it to be used on a much greater scale and ultimately reduced the need for skilled labor.
Protective tariff
A tax levied only on an imported product. Protective tariffs aim to encourage people to buy domestic goods by making imported products expensive.
Social Darwinism
A misapplication of the theory of evolution that gave rise to the belief that people who are less 'fit' should not reproduce.
Reasons for the decline of cattle ranching in the U.S. West around the the 1880s
The invention of barbed wire; a series of dangerous blizzards; expansion of railroads, which made long cattle drives obsolete.

To unlock this flashcard set you must be a Study.com Member.
Create your account

Unlock Your Education

See for yourself why 30 million people use Study.com

Become a Study.com member and start learning now.
Become a Member

Already a member? Log In

Support