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Ancient Egyptian Architecture Flashcards

Ancient Egyptian Architecture Flashcards
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Great Pyramid

This is the biggest pyramid found at Giza. It is no less than 400 feet tall. Khufu was buried inside of it.

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Red Pyramid

The second pyramid constructed by Snofru. We believe this to be the first true pyramid.

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Step Pyramid

The type of pyramid that consists of large levels placed atop one another. The tombs were located underground beneath this style of pyramid.

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True Pyramid

This style of pyramid was built to have walls that looked smooth and the pharaoh was buried in them above ground. These structures were first developed in Egypt's 4th dynasty.

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Mastabas

A kind of tomb located underground that was covered with a structure built out of bricks of mud. This structure had a flat roof and was rectangular.

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Snofru

The first pharaoh from Egypt's 4th dynasty.

Known for building two pyramids, the first of which was called the bent pyramid, which was a failure and had an underground tomb.

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Imhotep

A royal architect from ancient Egypt. He is given the credit for designing the earliest pyramid style.

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King Djoser

This ruler is credited with the earliest construction of a pyramid. This was a step pyramid. The king did not design it.

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Ma'at

The ancient Egyptians believed this eternal order kept the universe going. They believed that temples kept it from destruction, so maintaining places of worship was seen as benevolent.

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18 cards in set

Flashcard Content Overview

This set of flashcards covers the differences between step pyramids and true pyramids. You'll find cards that deal specifically with:

  • The Red Pyramid
  • The Bent Pyramid
  • The Great Pyramid

You can review the areas of the Luxor Temple and focus on the pharaohs responsible for its construction. The process of mummification is addressed as well as the historical significance of the following individuals:

  • Djoser
  • Imhotep
  • Snofru
Front
Back
Ma'at

The ancient Egyptians believed this eternal order kept the universe going. They believed that temples kept it from destruction, so maintaining places of worship was seen as benevolent.

King Djoser

This ruler is credited with the earliest construction of a pyramid. This was a step pyramid. The king did not design it.

Imhotep

A royal architect from ancient Egypt. He is given the credit for designing the earliest pyramid style.

Snofru

The first pharaoh from Egypt's 4th dynasty.

Known for building two pyramids, the first of which was called the bent pyramid, which was a failure and had an underground tomb.

Mastabas

A kind of tomb located underground that was covered with a structure built out of bricks of mud. This structure had a flat roof and was rectangular.

True Pyramid

This style of pyramid was built to have walls that looked smooth and the pharaoh was buried in them above ground. These structures were first developed in Egypt's 4th dynasty.

Step Pyramid

The type of pyramid that consists of large levels placed atop one another. The tombs were located underground beneath this style of pyramid.

Red Pyramid

The second pyramid constructed by Snofru. We believe this to be the first true pyramid.

Great Pyramid

This is the biggest pyramid found at Giza. It is no less than 400 feet tall. Khufu was buried inside of it.

Mummification

This process keeps the body preserved after death. All Egyptians used this in some way because they thought their spirits required a physical home.

Pyramids of Giza

These famous pyramids were built for three pharaohs: Khafre, Khufu, and Menkaure.

Luxor Temple

This large complex for religion found in Thebes was dedicated to Amon-Ra, king of the gods. Amenhotep III began construction of this temple and Tutankhamen completed it

Luxor Temple: Hypostyle Hall

An area in the Luxor Temple that is full of 32 columns in eight rows. Priests and the pharaoh were the only people who were supposed to enter this area.

Luxor Temple: Outer Courtyard

This portion of the Luxor Temple is found beyond the pylon gate. There are two of these in the temple complex, one named for Ramesses II and the other for Amenhotep III.

Luxor Temple: Pylon

This served as the way into Luxor Temple. Ramesses II constructed this and made statues of himself to guard it.

Luxor Temple: Inner Sanctuary

This was the final area of Luxor Temple. It was the temple's highest point and was used to represent the gods' home.

Egyptian Column

These were commonly found in Egyptian temples and temple complexes. Carvings of lotuses, plants, and papyrus were generally used to top them.

Pyramid: Purpose

Pharaohs, considered mediators between man and the gods, believed they would become a god after death and built these to provide a postmortal place for their spirits and pacify the gods.

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