Ancient Egyptian Art Flashcards

Ancient Egyptian Art Flashcards
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Egyptian History: Belief in the Afterlife

This culture believed that the spirit was immortal if it had some place that it could rest. This led to a large focus on what happened after a person died.

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Egyptian History: Amarna Period

A short period of time during the rule of Akhenaten who worshiped the god Aten and who shifted the culture and art for a little while.

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Pharaohs

These individuals ruled in Egypt. They often built huge structures and pyramids to demonstrate the size of their workforce and their power.

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Egyptian History: New Kingdom

The period of time from 1550-1070 BCE in Egypt. The construction of pyramids stopped during this era.

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Egyptian History: Middle Kingdom

A period of Egyptian history that began in 2258 and ended in 1786 BCE. Temple and pyramid design changed a little during this stretch of time.

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Egyptian History: Old Kingdom

This period began in 2680 and lasted until 2259 BCE. Egyptian civilization really took off in this period and the first pyramids were made in this era.

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Egyptian History: Early Dynastic Period

Egypt's first kings came to power during this period, which lasted from around 3000-3680 BCE.

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Amarna Period: Consequences

The Egyptians did not look favorably on this period after Akhenaten died. They saw it as aberrant and did their best to remove it from their records.

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Amarna Period: Characteristics of Art

During this time period in Egypt, artists crafted figures with stomachs and hips that were enlarged. They used elongated and narrow arms, hands, and heads.

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19 cards in set

Flashcard Content Overview

You can use this set of flashcards as a study aid to focus on the characteristics of the following eras in Egyptian history:

  • Early Dynastic Period
  • Old Kingdom
  • Middle Kingdom
  • New Kingdom
  • Amarna Period

You'll be able to focus on the role of the pharaohs in this culture and the reasons that they constructed pyramids. The concept of Ma'at and the Egyptian belief in the afterlife are also addressed by this set. Additionally, these cards cover specific examples of Egyptian art, including the bust of Nefertiti and The Book of the Dead.

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Amarna Period: Characteristics of Art

During this time period in Egypt, artists crafted figures with stomachs and hips that were enlarged. They used elongated and narrow arms, hands, and heads.

Amarna Period: Consequences

The Egyptians did not look favorably on this period after Akhenaten died. They saw it as aberrant and did their best to remove it from their records.

Egyptian History: Early Dynastic Period

Egypt's first kings came to power during this period, which lasted from around 3000-3680 BCE.

Egyptian History: Old Kingdom

This period began in 2680 and lasted until 2259 BCE. Egyptian civilization really took off in this period and the first pyramids were made in this era.

Egyptian History: Middle Kingdom

A period of Egyptian history that began in 2258 and ended in 1786 BCE. Temple and pyramid design changed a little during this stretch of time.

Egyptian History: New Kingdom

The period of time from 1550-1070 BCE in Egypt. The construction of pyramids stopped during this era.

Pharaohs

These individuals ruled in Egypt. They often built huge structures and pyramids to demonstrate the size of their workforce and their power.

Egyptian History: Amarna Period

A short period of time during the rule of Akhenaten who worshiped the god Aten and who shifted the culture and art for a little while.

Egyptian History: Belief in the Afterlife

This culture believed that the spirit was immortal if it had some place that it could rest. This led to a large focus on what happened after a person died.

Ma'at

A concept found in the ancient Egyptian belief system. This describes the natural way that things are ordered. It keeps the universe going.

Pyramids

Massive tombs built by Egyptian pharaohs for themselves. The rulers believed they would reside in these tombs after death as gods.

Tutankhamen's Tomb

This grave was found by Howard Carter in 1922. Many think that it was adapted to serve as a burial chamber for royalty because the walls are sparsely decorated compared to other tombs.

Temple of Karnak

A religious structure guarded by large statues of Ramses II. The size of these statues indicates he was an important ruler, as size and power correlated with one another.

The Book of the Dead

A book created in the New Kingdom period of Egypt to provide instruction on reaching the afterlife. It is considered the painting with the most importance from this period.

Bust of Nefertiti

A piece of artwork created during Egypt's New Kingdom period. It depicts the wife of Akhenaten.

Egyptian Art: Influence of Other Cultures

This artwork was impacted by Greece and Persia, especially in the New Kingdom, when royal commissions began to incorporate gold.

Pyramids of Giza

A group of famous pyramids began in approximately 2560 BC. These constructions were begun by Khufu.

Pyramids: Use of Art

These tombs were usually filled with pieces of art and other items. Their construction preserved these goods especially well, meaning most of ancient Egypt's surviving art comes from here.

Egyptian Art: Material

Sculptors used granite, basalt, porphyry, limestone, acacia wood, copper, and other mediums. Artists also incorporated silver, gold, ivory, and ebony.

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