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Applied Social Psychology Flashcards

Applied Social Psychology Flashcards
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The misinformation effect and source monitoring as a pair
Both of these can contribute to unreliable witness testimony
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Examples of misinformation

Changing the memories of others

Misleading an eyewitness by providing inaccurate information

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Perceived control
A stage of the theory of planned behavior, this is the extent to which a person believes he or she is in direct control of a situation
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Close relationships
One of the best causes, according to psychologists, of happiness in a person. The better the relationship, the happier the person.
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The three attributions of Seligman's Learned Helplessness Theory
Internal, stable, and global
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Misinformation effect
The idea that a great amount of misleading information can affect people's memories. This idea can be utilized in the judicial system.
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Diffusion of responsibility
Noted in the Kitty Genovese case, this is the idea that when a person will not help, someone else will step in to do so.
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Prosocial behavior
Any action that is intended to help others. This can be explained through kin selection, the reciprocity norm, empathy-altruism, or altruistic personality.
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17 cards in set

Flashcard Content Overview

In this set of flashcards, you can review various applied social psychology topics, including the Elizabeth Loftus experiment and the attributions that come with the Learned Helplessness Theory. Additionally, these flashcards will help you recall the idea of deterrence theory and what might happen as a result of the spread of misinformation. Other topics include diffusion of responsibility and prosocial behavior.

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Prosocial behavior
Any action that is intended to help others. This can be explained through kin selection, the reciprocity norm, empathy-altruism, or altruistic personality.
Diffusion of responsibility
Noted in the Kitty Genovese case, this is the idea that when a person will not help, someone else will step in to do so.
Misinformation effect
The idea that a great amount of misleading information can affect people's memories. This idea can be utilized in the judicial system.
The three attributions of Seligman's Learned Helplessness Theory
Internal, stable, and global
Close relationships
One of the best causes, according to psychologists, of happiness in a person. The better the relationship, the happier the person.
Perceived control
A stage of the theory of planned behavior, this is the extent to which a person believes he or she is in direct control of a situation
Examples of misinformation

Changing the memories of others

Misleading an eyewitness by providing inaccurate information

The misinformation effect and source monitoring as a pair
Both of these can contribute to unreliable witness testimony
The Elizabeth Loftus Experiment
A famous research case in 1978 where people were asked a series of questions after being shown pictures of the events involving traffic, leading to the spread of misinformation
Source monitoring
The process of attempting to remember where you heard or saw an event
False confessions
This term refers to people saying they're guilty of something when they're actually not.
Learned helplessness
A condition described by Seligman that occurs when an individual or a creature doesn't attempt to escape a bad situation due to a past experience where that being felt defenseless
Internal attributions
An attribution that focuses on the person, not the outside world
External attributions
Placing the cause of the event on the outside world, not the person
Global attributions
Factors affecting the outcome of a situation that apply to large numbers of possibilities instead of a single scenario
Stable attributions
An attribution that does not change over an amount of time or across different situations
Deterrence theory
The idea that people will not commit crimes out of fear of getting caught

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