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Art in Aegean Culture & Ancient Greece Flashcards

Art in Aegean Culture & Ancient Greece Flashcards
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Polykleitos

An artist from the Classical Era of Greece who put forth the idea that geometric harmony led to beauty in the arts.

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Parthenon

A temple built in Athens that was completed in 438 BC. It includes huge columns and proportions that are perfect geometrically. It also has a lot of sculpture.

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Greek Sculpture: Contrapposto Stance

A technique that involves making sure statues look like they are realistically resting their weight. We see this in the Classical era of Greek art.

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Greece's Late Classical Period

This era occurred around 400 to 323 BC. It is characterized by a move to present heroic figures that were imperfect or emotional, instead of idealized and deified.

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Greek Pottery: Slips

This kind of glaze was clear and used by the ancient Greeks. It made pots very shiny when painted onto them.

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Styles of Greek Pottery: Geometric

A very early style of Greek pottery. It made use of shapes and dates as far back as 900 BC.

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Styles of Greek Pottery: Red-Figure

This kind of Greek pottery became popular around the time of the Persian War, after Xerxes' army was defeated by the Greeks. It has a black background.

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Styles of Greek Pottery: Corinthian

A type of Greek pottery made around the 7th-8th centuries BC. This style can be characterized by Asian motifs.

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Styles of Greek Pottery: Black-Figure

The style of pottery typically created in Athens starting in 620 BC and ending around 480 BC. It featured a red background.

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Ancient Greek Alphabet

This linguistic system was adapted from the alphabet of the Phoenicians. This culture used it to write books that were standardized.

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Mycenaean Culture

A people who lived in the Bronze Age on the mainland of Greece. Classical Greece arose from this culture. They built palaces to demonstrate their power.

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Minoan Culture

This culture developed on Crete in the Bronze Age. They used hieroglyphs that we can't translate, referred to as Linear A, and showed power by constructing palaces.

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Flashcard Content Overview

You can use these flashcards as a study aid to go over the four major styles of Greek pottery. This set focuses on the Hellenic period of Greek culture as well as the Doric Order. You'll find cards that address the architectural significance of the Parthenon. Additionally, these cards can help you review aspects of Minoan and Mycenaean culture.

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Minoan Culture

This culture developed on Crete in the Bronze Age. They used hieroglyphs that we can't translate, referred to as Linear A, and showed power by constructing palaces.

Mycenaean Culture

A people who lived in the Bronze Age on the mainland of Greece. Classical Greece arose from this culture. They built palaces to demonstrate their power.

Ancient Greek Alphabet

This linguistic system was adapted from the alphabet of the Phoenicians. This culture used it to write books that were standardized.

Styles of Greek Pottery: Black-Figure

The style of pottery typically created in Athens starting in 620 BC and ending around 480 BC. It featured a red background.

Styles of Greek Pottery: Corinthian

A type of Greek pottery made around the 7th-8th centuries BC. This style can be characterized by Asian motifs.

Styles of Greek Pottery: Red-Figure

This kind of Greek pottery became popular around the time of the Persian War, after Xerxes' army was defeated by the Greeks. It has a black background.

Styles of Greek Pottery: Geometric

A very early style of Greek pottery. It made use of shapes and dates as far back as 900 BC.

Greek Pottery: Slips

This kind of glaze was clear and used by the ancient Greeks. It made pots very shiny when painted onto them.

Greece's Late Classical Period

This era occurred around 400 to 323 BC. It is characterized by a move to present heroic figures that were imperfect or emotional, instead of idealized and deified.

Greek Sculpture: Contrapposto Stance

A technique that involves making sure statues look like they are realistically resting their weight. We see this in the Classical era of Greek art.

Parthenon

A temple built in Athens that was completed in 438 BC. It includes huge columns and proportions that are perfect geometrically. It also has a lot of sculpture.

Polykleitos

An artist from the Classical Era of Greece who put forth the idea that geometric harmony led to beauty in the arts.

Greek Sculpture: Archaic Period

During this era, Greek sculptures began creating statues that were life-size, usually out of marble. This time period lasted from around 600 - 480 BC.

Classical Greek Culture: Playwrights

These individuals created works inspired by mythology and wars. Examples include Aeschylus, Euripides, and Sophocles.

Classical Greek Culture: Ideal of Beauty

This culture based judgments on aesthetic perfection on mathematical proportions.

Classical Greek Culture: Temples

These buildings were dedicated to the worship of gods. They were usually rectangular and columns generally surrounded them.

Greek Architecture: Hellenistic Period

During this era, novelty in art was valued and many traditional forms were challenged. This led to things like Didyma's Temple of Apollo, with extra columns, no roof, and a tiny inner temple.

Minoan Culture: Bulls

This culture tied these animals to religion. They were also used to symbolize fertility and strength.

Lintel

A slab laid horizontally across the entrance gate to Mycenaean cities.

Megaron

This central hall was found inside Mycenaean palaces. It was rectangular and contained a circular hearth as well as a throne.

Fresco

This type of painting is created by applying pigments right onto plaster that is still wet. It was used by the Mycenaeans.

Alabastron

This kind of storage jar was square in shape. Mycenaeans used these.

Greek Architecture: Doric Order

The oldest style of architecture used in Greece. It utilizes columns that are grooved and tapered. You can see examples of this in the Parthenon.

The Parthenon: Carvings

This building includes carved depictions of fights against giants, or gigantomachy, and centaurs as well as the Sacking of Troy. It also shows Athena's birth.

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