Art in the Islamic World Flashcards

Art in the Islamic World Flashcards
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Monreale Cathedral

This Sicilian church drew on Islamic aesthetics when designing its cloister pillars, which utilize floral motifs and geometric patterns.

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Doge's Palace

A building constructed in Venice that shows the influence of Islamic architecture in the pointed arches used to decorate its facades.

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Mosque of Cordoba

This mosque was built in Spain in the 10th century. It has a very large prayer hall and was turned into a Catholic cathedral when Spain reconquered the area.

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Great Mosque of Isfahan

A mosque constructed in Iran in the 17th century. It was first used as the mosque of the royal family.

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Great Mosque of Kairouan

This mosque is found in Tunisia and it was built in the 9th century. It has one minaret and is considered to be a hypostyle mosque.

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Dome of the Rock

A mosque built around the 7th century in Israel. It has an octagonal prayer hall and shows the influence of the Byzantine Empire. Muhammad is said to have ascended to heaven here.

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Great Mosque of Mecca

This is the biggest mosque ever constructed. It contains the Kaaba. It was first built in the 7th century and has been changed and expanded since then.

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Islamic Carpets / Oriental Rugs

These carpets are hand-knotted or handwoven. They usually have a foundation, which you don't see, and a pile, which is the top. Geometric and floral motifs are common in their design.

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Islamic Calligraphy: Maghribi Style

This style of calligraphy appeared around the 10th century and shows the influence of the Western world. It uses wide curves and vertical strokes that are thick and strong.

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18 cards in set

Flashcard Content Overview

This set of flashcards can help you review the characteristics of Islamic calligraphy and Islamic carpets. You'll be able to focus on how Western architecture was influenced by Islamic designs. These cards also cover the definition of aniconism and the arabesque style. Additionally, you can go over the unique designs of the following religious structures:

  • Great Mosque of Mecca
  • Dome of the Rock
  • Great Mosque of Kairouan
  • Great Mosque of Isfahan
  • Mosque of Cordoba
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Islamic Calligraphy: Maghribi Style

This style of calligraphy appeared around the 10th century and shows the influence of the Western world. It uses wide curves and vertical strokes that are thick and strong.

Islamic Carpets / Oriental Rugs

These carpets are hand-knotted or handwoven. They usually have a foundation, which you don't see, and a pile, which is the top. Geometric and floral motifs are common in their design.

Great Mosque of Mecca

This is the biggest mosque ever constructed. It contains the Kaaba. It was first built in the 7th century and has been changed and expanded since then.

Dome of the Rock

A mosque built around the 7th century in Israel. It has an octagonal prayer hall and shows the influence of the Byzantine Empire. Muhammad is said to have ascended to heaven here.

Great Mosque of Kairouan

This mosque is found in Tunisia and it was built in the 9th century. It has one minaret and is considered to be a hypostyle mosque.

Great Mosque of Isfahan

A mosque constructed in Iran in the 17th century. It was first used as the mosque of the royal family.

Mosque of Cordoba

This mosque was built in Spain in the 10th century. It has a very large prayer hall and was turned into a Catholic cathedral when Spain reconquered the area.

Doge's Palace

A building constructed in Venice that shows the influence of Islamic architecture in the pointed arches used to decorate its facades.

Monreale Cathedral

This Sicilian church drew on Islamic aesthetics when designing its cloister pillars, which utilize floral motifs and geometric patterns.

Mudejar Architectural Style

A style that features elaborate decorations inspired by the floral motifs and geometric patterns used in Islamic art. It also used fancy woodwork and ceramic tiles for ornamentation.

Aniconism

This refers to the practice of not including anything that directly represents nature or living creatures in a piece of art. This is practiced in Islamic art to respect Allah.

Early Islamic Art: Influence of Byzantine Culture

We see the influence of this culture in pieces of art that use outlined shapes and flattened space. It is also seen in jewel-like qualities in mosaics.

Madrasah

These buildings served as schools that taught both religion and law.

Minarets

These towers are high and narrow. They have stairs that ascend to a balcony.

Arabesque

This design was first created in Islamic art. It features an interwoven design with intricate spirals, depicting geometric patterns and floral motives.

Mosque

The name for the structure used to worship in Islam.

Islamic Art: Commonly Used Shapes

This style of art often features the shapes of stars, circles, squares, and polygons with multiple sides.

Mihrab

This semicircular niche in the wall of a mosque points out the direction of Mecca to worshipers.

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