Art of Ancient Near East Flashcards

Art of Ancient Near East Flashcards
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Steles

These monuments or pillars of stone were set upright so they pointed towards the sky. Artists usually placed inscriptions or relief sculptures on their surface.

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Persian Culture and Art

This group came to power in 539 BCE. They used metal to create work and also designed elaborate reliefs that borrowed ideas from the Greeks, such as the Frieze of Archers.

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Babylonian Culture and Art

A culture that came to prominence in 1792 BCE. They painted religious frescoes and built freestanding sculptures that were realistic in appearance.

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Assyrian Culture and Art

The people who ruled in Mesopotamia after Babylon lost power the first time. They were wealthy and their art reflected their riches. They made lots of palaces that were impressive.

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Akkadian Culture and Art

This society grew to power around 2350 BCE in Mesopotamia. They did not rule for long, but much of their art focused on reflecting their drive for power.

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Sumerian Culture and Art

A Mesopotamian society from around 3000-2000 BCE. This culture first came up with cuneiform writing. The Face of Woman from Urak is an example of artwork from this society.

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Art of the Ancient Near East: Characteristics

This art looked at the connection between people and the divine. It was political and valued skill over originality. Relief carvings and depictions of animals were common.

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14 cards in set

Flashcard Content Overview

This set of flashcards can be used as a study aid to focus on the characteristics of art from the Ancient Near East. You'll be able to consider the materials used to create this artwork. These cards also cover the following specific cultures:

  • Babylonian
  • Assyrian
  • Persian
  • Sumerian
  • Akkadian

Additionally, you can use these cards to review commonly created forms of art, such as:

  • Steles
  • Cylinder seals
  • Votive figures
  • Lyres
Front
Back
Art of the Ancient Near East: Characteristics

This art looked at the connection between people and the divine. It was political and valued skill over originality. Relief carvings and depictions of animals were common.

Sumerian Culture and Art

A Mesopotamian society from around 3000-2000 BCE. This culture first came up with cuneiform writing. The Face of Woman from Urak is an example of artwork from this society.

Akkadian Culture and Art

This society grew to power around 2350 BCE in Mesopotamia. They did not rule for long, but much of their art focused on reflecting their drive for power.

Assyrian Culture and Art

The people who ruled in Mesopotamia after Babylon lost power the first time. They were wealthy and their art reflected their riches. They made lots of palaces that were impressive.

Babylonian Culture and Art

A culture that came to prominence in 1792 BCE. They painted religious frescoes and built freestanding sculptures that were realistic in appearance.

Persian Culture and Art

This group came to power in 539 BCE. They used metal to create work and also designed elaborate reliefs that borrowed ideas from the Greeks, such as the Frieze of Archers.

Steles

These monuments or pillars of stone were set upright so they pointed towards the sky. Artists usually placed inscriptions or relief sculptures on their surface.

Cylinder Seals

Rolls that were cylindrical in shape used to press designs into other surfaces. They were often made with ceramic, glass, gems or stone.

Votive Figures

Small statues of people in prayer positions that were designed to the devout maintain prayers to their gods. They were often crafted from shell, limestone or gypsum.

Lyres

A musical instrument with strings, often used by the Sumerians.

Art of the Ancient Near East: Materials

These pieces of art were often created using shell, metal, stone, ivory, paint, ceramics or glass.

Mesopotamian Art: Animals

These creatures are represented often in Mesopotamian art, both with people and on their own. This shows they were an important part of the culture of the time.

Lammasu

A protector deity from Mesopotamia. It had a human head on a bull or lion's body and was also depicted with an eagle's wings.

Anthropomorphism

The practice of mixing the traits of a person and an animal. We see this in art when a person is drawn with the body parts of a specific creature.

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