Art & Religion in the Byzantine Empire Flashcards

Art & Religion in the Byzantine Empire Flashcards
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Byzantine Art: Mosaics

These images often contained images related to politics mixed in with religious symbols. This set them apart from the content of early Christian mosaics, which focused solely on religious themes.

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Iconoclasm

The process of destroying images that are religious in nature.

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Byzantine Art: Destruction

This culture experienced multiple periods with a lot of iconoclasm, and religious images were also brought to ruin by the invading Turks, so few creations survive today.

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Byzantine Architecture: Hagia Sophia

An early Byzantine structure with a dome that is higher than the one found in the Pantheon, though it is not as large otherwise.

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Byzantine Architecture: Pendentives

An architectural features that consists of a dome resting on top of another dome that has its top removed. The Byzantines used this to increase the height of a dome.

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Byzantine Architecture: Western Style

We see narrow basilica that are very long in the churches constructed by this branch of the Byzantine empire.

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Byzantine Architecture: Eastern Style

This portion of the Byzantine empire was characterized by rounded, domed churches with a central plan.

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Byzantine Architecture: Clerestory

In architectural terms, these are windows placed high in a room. The Byzantines used them to allow light into a space.

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Byzantine Architecture

This style resembles Christian architecture in that it both included clerestory and the apse as well as decorated with mosaics. It grew more unique in Emperor Justinian's time.

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18 cards in set

Flashcard Content Overview

Accessing this set of flashcards can give you the chance to go over the differences between Eastern and Western Byzantine architecture. You can focus on the uses of clerestory, pendentives, and the Greek cross. These cards also address the process of iconoclasm and its effects on Byzantine artwork. Additionally, this set can help you review the impact of the following Byzantine leaders:

  • Emperor Constantine
  • Emperor Justinian
  • Theodosius the Great
  • Emperor Leo III
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Byzantine Architecture

This style resembles Christian architecture in that it both included clerestory and the apse as well as decorated with mosaics. It grew more unique in Emperor Justinian's time.

Byzantine Architecture: Clerestory

In architectural terms, these are windows placed high in a room. The Byzantines used them to allow light into a space.

Byzantine Architecture: Eastern Style

This portion of the Byzantine empire was characterized by rounded, domed churches with a central plan.

Byzantine Architecture: Western Style

We see narrow basilica that are very long in the churches constructed by this branch of the Byzantine empire.

Byzantine Architecture: Pendentives

An architectural features that consists of a dome resting on top of another dome that has its top removed. The Byzantines used this to increase the height of a dome.

Byzantine Architecture: Hagia Sophia

An early Byzantine structure with a dome that is higher than the one found in the Pantheon, though it is not as large otherwise.

Byzantine Art: Destruction

This culture experienced multiple periods with a lot of iconoclasm, and religious images were also brought to ruin by the invading Turks, so few creations survive today.

Iconoclasm

The process of destroying images that are religious in nature.

Byzantine Art: Mosaics

These images often contained images related to politics mixed in with religious symbols. This set them apart from the content of early Christian mosaics, which focused solely on religious themes.

Emperor Justinian

He led Byzantine from 527 until 565 CE. He focused on including Christianity in art and had over 30 churches built just in Constantinople.

Greek Cross

This kind of cross has four arms that are around the same size. Many of the churches in Byzantine were modeled off of this shape.

Church of Christ in Chora

A Byzantine church with an apse fresco that shows Christ triumphing against death. It has a realistic background and depth of illusion that draw on Western art styles.

Byzantine Art: Portrayals of Mary

The Byzantines tended to portray this woman as being a little green, to show her connection to heaven. They also usually gave her a nose that was elegant and long.

Byzantine Art: Influence on Russia

This country adopted many of the characteristics of Byzantine art and religion. Even after the fall of Constantinople, they kept working in this style.

Emperor Constantine

This man set up Constantinople in 330 CE. He also made it legal to practice Christianity, causing Christian churches to increase.

Theodosius the Great

An emperor of Byzantine who promoted Christianity above other religions. He shut down several philosophical schools.

Emperor Leo III

He ruled in Byzantine around 726-787 CE. He decided that God was angry about the use of idols and this was the cause for losses of territory. This led to a period of iconoclasm.

Hagia Sophia: Importance

This structure symbolized Roman power under Emperor Justinian. The religious imagery and paintings inside changed along with outside trends.

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