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Assessment & DAP in Early Childhood Education Flashcards

Assessment & DAP in Early Childhood Education Flashcards
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4th DAP Principle
The way students learn and develop depends on connections between their experience and their maturation.
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3rd DAP Principle
Students learn and develop at different rates.
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2nd DAP Principle
A student's development progresses in a sequence that should be followed.
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1st DAP Principle
Every area of student development, including emotional, social, physical and cognitive aspects, is considered important.
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DAP Strategies for Student Instruction
Model how you want students to behave and offer demonstrations of skills. Provide educational challenges to encourage growth.
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DAP Strategies for Student Communication
Acknowledge students and give them clear feedback. Ask questions, give them information and provide directions and encouragement when needed.
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5th DAP Guideline
Develop a good relationship with the families of your students.
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4th DAP Guideline
Monitor the progress of students by tracking what they learn and how they develop.
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3rd DAP Guideline
Keep goals in mind when setting up your curriculum.
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2nd DAP Guideline
Focus instruction on learning and student development. Pay attention to student weaknesses and strengths.
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1st DAP Guideline
Develop a learning community that is caring and safe for children to expand their knowledge.
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Developmentally Appropriate Practices (DAP)
A method of teaching that puts the focus on ensuring that students get the chance to learn that fit their needs. It contains five guidelines and twelve principles.
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English-Language Learners: Teacher's Responsibilities
Teaching these students requires you to carefully track their progress and to offer different methods for them to demonstrate knowledge of classroom subjects.
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English-Language Learners: Formal Screenings
Tests designed to measure the ability of these learners to read, speak and write in English. These tests help students get the support they need.
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Subjective Assessments
A type of assessment carried out subjectively by a teacher. These can be used to find gifted students.
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Identifying Gifted Students: Teacher's Responsibilities
These individuals should notify a school's psychometrist or psychologist if they think there is a gifted student in their class.
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Ability Tests
These tests are also called IQ tests and they attempt to measure intelligence. Some of these are designed to be taken nonverbally. You can use these to find gifted students.
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Achievement Tests
Tests designed to measure as student's specific academic knowledge of a given subject. The SAT is an example of this kind of test. These can point out gifted students.
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37 cards in set

Flashcard Content Overview

Check out this set of flashcards to go over the guidelines and principles associated with developmentally appropriate practices (DAP). You'll also be able to focus on DAP classroom strategies. Formative, standardized, ecological and long-term assessments are also discussed by this set of cards. Additionally, you can go over some common testing biases.

Front
Back
Achievement Tests
Tests designed to measure as student's specific academic knowledge of a given subject. The SAT is an example of this kind of test. These can point out gifted students.
Ability Tests
These tests are also called IQ tests and they attempt to measure intelligence. Some of these are designed to be taken nonverbally. You can use these to find gifted students.
Identifying Gifted Students: Teacher's Responsibilities
These individuals should notify a school's psychometrist or psychologist if they think there is a gifted student in their class.
Subjective Assessments
A type of assessment carried out subjectively by a teacher. These can be used to find gifted students.
English-Language Learners: Formal Screenings
Tests designed to measure the ability of these learners to read, speak and write in English. These tests help students get the support they need.
English-Language Learners: Teacher's Responsibilities
Teaching these students requires you to carefully track their progress and to offer different methods for them to demonstrate knowledge of classroom subjects.
Developmentally Appropriate Practices (DAP)
A method of teaching that puts the focus on ensuring that students get the chance to learn that fit their needs. It contains five guidelines and twelve principles.
1st DAP Guideline
Develop a learning community that is caring and safe for children to expand their knowledge.
2nd DAP Guideline
Focus instruction on learning and student development. Pay attention to student weaknesses and strengths.
3rd DAP Guideline
Keep goals in mind when setting up your curriculum.
4th DAP Guideline
Monitor the progress of students by tracking what they learn and how they develop.
5th DAP Guideline
Develop a good relationship with the families of your students.
DAP Strategies for Student Communication
Acknowledge students and give them clear feedback. Ask questions, give them information and provide directions and encouragement when needed.
DAP Strategies for Student Instruction
Model how you want students to behave and offer demonstrations of skills. Provide educational challenges to encourage growth.
1st DAP Principle
Every area of student development, including emotional, social, physical and cognitive aspects, is considered important.
2nd DAP Principle
A student's development progresses in a sequence that should be followed.
3rd DAP Principle
Students learn and develop at different rates.
4th DAP Principle
The way students learn and develop depends on connections between their experience and their maturation.
5th DAP Principle
Students learn and develop based, in part, on the experiences they have early in life.
6th DAP Principle
Students increase their capacity to understand and control themselves as they go through development.
7th DAP Principle
Secure relationships help students to develop.
8th DAP Principle
The cultural and social contexts that surround a student influence how they learn and develop.
9th DAP Principle
Students have learning styles that should be addressed. Teachers can do this by setting up lessons with visual aids, discussions and more.
10th DAP Principle
Allowing students to play can help them grow more competent with cognition, language and social interactions.
11th DAP Principle
Challenges based on what a student has been learning will help the student learn and develop.
12th DAP Principle
The things that a student experiences will influence how they approach learning and how much they are motivated.
DAP Core Considerations
The three things teachers need to understand to provide this type of instruction. They include knowledge about how children develop and what is appropriate for cultures and individual children.
Preschool Assessments
Students at this age are assessed through universal screenings, observation, rating scales for teachers and measuring their progress. Written or verbal tests are not used.
Reasons preschoolers may fail to meet milestones

Lack of maturity

Slow developmental or emotional development

Deeper issues with behavior

Ecological Assessment
This test looks at the way students behave when put in a variety of different settings and environments. It can help teachers understand the educational needs of a student.
Individualized Education Program (IEP)
Special education teachers use this play to help children. Ecological assessments are often used during the development of this plan.
Formative Assessment
Assessments completed over the course of a lesson or unit. Quizzes or short discussions are examples of this type of assessment.
Standardized Assessment
This type of test can help teachers see how well students are meeting state standards.
Long-Term Assessment
A kind of test that tracks student progress over a significant amount of time. Keeping a portfolio during a writing class could be an example of this type of assessment.
Testing Biases: Method Bias
This type of bias occurs when the way a test is given impacts a student's score. A test's length or even the place where it is given can play a role in this bias.
Testing Biases: Item Bias
A kind of testing bias caused by questions that employ cultural phrases or poor grammar. It can also apply to questions that aren't written well.
Testing Bias: Construct Bias
We see this kind of testing bias when a test produces different results when taken by people from a different culture.

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