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Cancer Risks & Treatment Flashcards

Cancer Risks & Treatment Flashcards
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Cancer Syndrome / Family Cancer Syndrome
A condition that occurs when individuals inherit genetic mutations that then raise their chances of developing cancer, especially in paired organs such as kidneys.
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Carcinogens
These agents can cause cancer even in people without genetic risk factors. Tobacco smoke is an example.
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Li-Fraumeni Syndrome
A syndrome caused by a mutation in the gene TP53. This can lead to sarcomas, osteosarcoma and breast cancer.
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Hereditary Breast and Ovarian Cancer Syndrome (HBOC)
A cancer often found in families that affects women with mutations in their BRCA1, BRCA2 or possibly BRCA3 genes.
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Mitotic Index
An index that represents how many cells in an observed group are completing the process of cell division. A higher number on this index represents a large chance that a tumor is cancerous.
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Benign Neoplasia / Tumor
These tumors stay in one place in the body without spreading or moving to surrounding areas.
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Malignant Neoplasia / Tumor
There tumors are dangerous because they may spread, even infiltrating the tissues around them. Some can be hard to remove even with surgery.
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14 cards in set

Flashcard Content Overview

You can access the flashcards included in this set for a convenient way to review the factors that can lead to the development of cancer, including genetics, viruses, radiation and certain chemicals. Treatments for cancer, such as radiation therapy, chemotherapy and surgery, will also be covered by these cards. You'll be able to focus on benign and malignant tumors as well as carcinomas in situ. Some specific syndromes associated with hereditary cancers, such as Li-Fraumeni Syndrome and Hereditary Breast and Ovarian Cancer Syndrome (HBOC) will also be considered.

Front
Back
Malignant Neoplasia / Tumor
There tumors are dangerous because they may spread, even infiltrating the tissues around them. Some can be hard to remove even with surgery.
Benign Neoplasia / Tumor
These tumors stay in one place in the body without spreading or moving to surrounding areas.
Mitotic Index
An index that represents how many cells in an observed group are completing the process of cell division. A higher number on this index represents a large chance that a tumor is cancerous.
Hereditary Breast and Ovarian Cancer Syndrome (HBOC)
A cancer often found in families that affects women with mutations in their BRCA1, BRCA2 or possibly BRCA3 genes.
Li-Fraumeni Syndrome
A syndrome caused by a mutation in the gene TP53. This can lead to sarcomas, osteosarcoma and breast cancer.
Carcinogens
These agents can cause cancer even in people without genetic risk factors. Tobacco smoke is an example.
Cancer Syndrome / Family Cancer Syndrome
A condition that occurs when individuals inherit genetic mutations that then raise their chances of developing cancer, especially in paired organs such as kidneys.
Multifocal Cancer
This type of cancer develops along multiple points of focus in a patient.
Cancer Risk Factors

Certain viruses

Use of some chemicals and drugs

Genetic factors

Radiation from the sun or tanning beds

Gender and hormones

Cancer Treatment Strategies

Chemotherapy

Surgery

Radiation therapy

Carcinoma in Situ
This is a malignant form of cancer that doesn't move beyond an organ's superficial layers or spread in the body. It continues to multiply, however, and can transform to a malignant tumor.
Surgery
Doctors use this process to treat cancers when they go in and take cancer out of a patient's body. If the cancer is severe enough, they may remove the organ it is growing in.
Radiation Therapy
A treatment for cancer that works by destroying cancer cells with the use of radiation created by medical equipment.
Chemotherapy
This kind of cancer treatment uses chemicals that are specifically designed to destroy the cells associated with cancer.

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