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Cause & Effect Flashcards

Cause & Effect Flashcards
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The strength of the cause must be related to the _____ of the effect.
Strength - in a cause-effect relationship, the stronger the cause, the stronger the effect should also be.
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In a cause-effect relationship, if the _____ does not happen, then the effect does not happen either.
Cause - the effect cannot happen unless spurred by the cause.
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The Three Criteria for Establishing Cause-Effect Relationships
1. Temporal precedence, 2. The cause always leads to the effect, and 3. No other factors explain the relationship.
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In order to establish a cause-effect relationship, it must be true that whenever the cause happens, the _____ also occurs.
Effect
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Temporal Precedence
The idea that a cause must take place prior to its effect. A cause can't come after the effect.
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A cause-effect experiment would seek to understand whether a specific cause is the reason for a specific _____.
Effect
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Effect
The event which occurred due to a specific cause.
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Cause
The one event that makes another occur.
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Cause-Effect Relationship
A relationship between two things, where one causes or sets the other into motion.
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Flashcard Content Overview

This set of flashcards explains the concept of cause-effect relationships. Learn about the three criteria necessary for establishing a cause-effect relationship and about the difference between correlation and causation. The set reviews key terms like temporal precedence and provides a few examples of correlation and cause-effect relationships.

Additional Study

To learn more about research methods in psychology, check out some of the following lessons:

Front
Back
Cause-Effect Relationship
A relationship between two things, where one causes or sets the other into motion.
Cause
The one event that makes another occur.
Effect
The event which occurred due to a specific cause.
A cause-effect experiment would seek to understand whether a specific cause is the reason for a specific _____.
Effect
Temporal Precedence
The idea that a cause must take place prior to its effect. A cause can't come after the effect.
In order to establish a cause-effect relationship, it must be true that whenever the cause happens, the _____ also occurs.
Effect
The Three Criteria for Establishing Cause-Effect Relationships
1. Temporal precedence, 2. The cause always leads to the effect, and 3. No other factors explain the relationship.
In a cause-effect relationship, if the _____ does not happen, then the effect does not happen either.
Cause - the effect cannot happen unless spurred by the cause.
The strength of the cause must be related to the _____ of the effect.
Strength - in a cause-effect relationship, the stronger the cause, the stronger the effect should also be.
Experimental Controls
Factors that are controlled for in an experiment. In order to be sure that a single cause is at play, researchers must control for other factors that might also influence results or effects.
Correlation
An indication that a relationship exists between two events, but not a confirmation of a cause-effect relationship.
If cigarette and alcohol use are related, but one does not necessarily cause the other, then it is an example of _____, not causation.
Correlation
Causation
An indicator that goes one step further than correlation. It confirms that two events are related, but also that one event causes the other.
An alarm clock wakes you up in the morning. The _____ is the cause in this example.
Alarm clock
Video games are correlated to physical violence, however, not everyone who plays video games commits violence. Therefore, there is correlation but not _____.
Causation
Scientific Research
A method of investigation that uses logical, consistent, and reproducible steps. Scientific research methods can be used to distinguish causation from correlation.
Explanatory Research
An approach to scientific research that focuses on processes of cause and effect. Explanatory research explores how things interact with each other over time and tries to provide explanations.
Between exploratory, descriptive, and explanatory approaches to psychological research, the approach most interested in cause and effect is _____.
Explanatory research - this type of research specifically tries to explain cause and effect relationships between things.

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