Community Ecology Flashcards

Community Ecology Flashcards
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Mutualism
A relationship where both species involved benefits
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Symbiosis
A close, permanent relationship between organisms of different species
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Competition
An interaction between organisms for available resources
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Quaternary consumer
An animal that eats tertiary consumers for energy. It is usually at the top of the food chain and is also called the top predator.
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Tertiary consumer
An animal that eats secondary consumers for energy
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Secondary consumer
An animal that eats primary consumers for energy
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Consumer
An organism that has to eat other organisms for energy
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Primary consumer
An animal that eats plants
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Carnivore
An animal that eats other animals
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Herbivore
An animal that eats producers
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Photosynthesis
A process that creates energy that occurs in green plants
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Producer
An organism that creates its own energy through photosynthesis
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Food chain
Shows a simple feeding relationship between organisms in a community
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Prey
An organism that is sought out by another organism as a source of food
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Predator
An organism that seeks out another organism for a food supply
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Biological community
An interacting group of different species, including animals, plants, bacteria, etc., living in the same area
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Community ecologist
Scientist who studies the interactions of different organisms in a community
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Habitat
The place where an organism lives out its life
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36 cards in set

Flashcard Content Overview

Community ecology is the study of how different groups of species interact with each other. This flashcard set will teach you about the different types of relationships species have, including symbiotic relationships and the links between producers and consumers. You will review words like habitat, predator, and mutualism.

Front
Back
Habitat
The place where an organism lives out its life
Community ecologist
Scientist who studies the interactions of different organisms in a community
Biological community
An interacting group of different species, including animals, plants, bacteria, etc., living in the same area
Predator
An organism that seeks out another organism for a food supply
Prey
An organism that is sought out by another organism as a source of food
Food chain
Shows a simple feeding relationship between organisms in a community
Producer
An organism that creates its own energy through photosynthesis
Photosynthesis
A process that creates energy that occurs in green plants
Herbivore
An animal that eats producers
Carnivore
An animal that eats other animals
Primary consumer
An animal that eats plants
Consumer
An organism that has to eat other organisms for energy
Secondary consumer
An animal that eats primary consumers for energy
Tertiary consumer
An animal that eats secondary consumers for energy
Quaternary consumer
An animal that eats tertiary consumers for energy. It is usually at the top of the food chain and is also called the top predator.
Competition
An interaction between organisms for available resources
Symbiosis
A close, permanent relationship between organisms of different species
Mutualism
A relationship where both species involved benefits
Commensalism
A relationship where one species benefits while the other is unaffected
Parasitism
A relationship in which one species benefits while the other is harmed
Population
A group of organisms that are the same species in the same area
Organism
A living thing
Niche
The adaptations of an organism used to survive in its environment
Environment
The living and nonliving surroundings that affect an organism
What is this picture an example of?
A food chain
What is this picture an example of?
Food web
An bird cleaning the food out of a crocodile's teeth is an example of what symbiotic relationship?
Mutualism
A tick sucking the blood of a cow is an example of what symbiotic relationship?
Parasitism
Ants that make their homes in acacia trees, protecting the trees from attacks, is an example of what symbiotic relationship?
Mutualism
Small orchid flowers growing on larger trees, but not harming the trees, is an an example of what symbiotic relationship?
Commensalism
What type of consumer is the second organism in this food chain?
Primary consumer
Is the first organism in a food chain a consumer or producer?
Producer
What type of consumer is the third organism in the food chain?
Secondary consumer
Which organism(s) in the food web are producers?
Phytoplankton and seaweed
A hawk captures a rabbit to consume for food. Is the hawk a predator or prey?
Predator
A hawk captures a rabbit to consume for food. Is the rabbit a predator or prey?
Prey

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