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Contemporary American Politics Flashcards

Contemporary American Politics Flashcards
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Impeachment of Bill Clinton
In 1998, U.S. President Clinton was impeached on charges of perjury and obstruction of justice, partly for his alleged affair with Monica Lewinsky. He was acquitted of these charges in 1999.
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Domestic policy under George H.W. Bush
President Bush pledged a domestic policy based on a gentler and less conservative America. Key legislation included OBRA-93, NAFTA, ADA 1990, the Civil Rights Act of 1991, and RECA 1990.
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Conclusion of the Cold War
Factors involved in the peaceful resolution of the Cold War included the Soviet Union's election of the moderate Gorbachev; U.S. and Soviet arms agreements; and Soviet retreat from Afghanistan.
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Supply-side economics
A policy under President Reagan that encouraged the reduction of obstacles, such as taxes, to allow consumers to spend more and stimulate the economy. It was a counterbalance to stagflation.
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The Persian Gulf War
The Persian Gulf War, which began in January 1991, was an effort by the U.S. and its allies to force Iraq to exit from neighboring Kuwait, which it had invaded in late 1990.
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Operation Just Cause
A U.S. military invasion of Panama, led by President George H.W. Bush in 1989.
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Military under Ronald Reagan
During Reagan's presidency, U.S. military forces were expanded to halt the growth of the Soviet Union. Reagan's renewal of the Cold War involved many outlets, including a space defense program.
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Political scandal under Ronald Reagan
In Nicaragua, Reagan's administration was involved in the controversial contra affair, while in Iran, he secretly engaged in an arms-for-hostages agreement.
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Ronald Reagan's position on taxation
Ronald Reagan advocated tax cuts for a majority of Americans. He believed this would lead to economic growth, and as a result, greater income tax revenue for the federal government.
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Flashcard Content Overview

In the following set of flashcards, you will learn about U.S. history during the period spanning between 1980 and 2013. This section includes the presidencies of Ronald Reagan, George H.W. Bush, Bill Clinton, George W. Bush, and Barack Obama, and illustrates in great detail their domestic and foreign policies, economic effects, and influence on American society. This set of flashcards also heavily focuses on U.S. involvement in global conflict during this period, covering events such as Operation Just Cause, The Persian Gulf War, the Cold War, Operation Enduring Freedom, and the War on Terror.

Front
Back
Ronald Reagan's position on taxation
Ronald Reagan advocated tax cuts for a majority of Americans. He believed this would lead to economic growth, and as a result, greater income tax revenue for the federal government.
Political scandal under Ronald Reagan
In Nicaragua, Reagan's administration was involved in the controversial contra affair, while in Iran, he secretly engaged in an arms-for-hostages agreement.
Military under Ronald Reagan
During Reagan's presidency, U.S. military forces were expanded to halt the growth of the Soviet Union. Reagan's renewal of the Cold War involved many outlets, including a space defense program.
Operation Just Cause
A U.S. military invasion of Panama, led by President George H.W. Bush in 1989.
The Persian Gulf War
The Persian Gulf War, which began in January 1991, was an effort by the U.S. and its allies to force Iraq to exit from neighboring Kuwait, which it had invaded in late 1990.
Supply-side economics
A policy under President Reagan that encouraged the reduction of obstacles, such as taxes, to allow consumers to spend more and stimulate the economy. It was a counterbalance to stagflation.
Conclusion of the Cold War
Factors involved in the peaceful resolution of the Cold War included the Soviet Union's election of the moderate Gorbachev; U.S. and Soviet arms agreements; and Soviet retreat from Afghanistan.
Domestic policy under George H.W. Bush
President Bush pledged a domestic policy based on a gentler and less conservative America. Key legislation included OBRA-93, NAFTA, ADA 1990, the Civil Rights Act of 1991, and RECA 1990.
Impeachment of Bill Clinton
In 1998, U.S. President Clinton was impeached on charges of perjury and obstruction of justice, partly for his alleged affair with Monica Lewinsky. He was acquitted of these charges in 1999.
NAFTA
The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), was passed during the Clinton administration, and effectively established a 'free trade' zone between Mexico, Canada, and the United States.
Affordable Healthcare Act
An act passed by President Obama in 2010. The act provided Americans with access to low cost healthcare, but mandated that all Americans carry health insurance, raising widespread opposition.
Operation Enduring Freedom
The name of George W. Bush's invasion of Afghanistan, in response to the events of 9/11. Its purpose was to put a stop to the operations of Al Qaeda and its leader, Osama Bin Laden.
Bush v. Gore
A Supreme Court case involving a ballot recount during the 2000 Florida elections. The Court ruled that a recount order was a violation of the U.S. Constitution. Bush was thus declared winner.
Contract With America
Contract With America was a 10-point plan that Republicans promised to enact if they won control of Congress in 1994. The proposals included Congressional term limits, tax cuts, and welfare reforms.
No Child Left Behind Act
Legislation introduced by President Bush in 2001 that tied the amount of funding that schools received to standardized test results. It sought to address low scholastic standards.
American Recovery and Reinvestment Act
An $800 billion stimulus package that President Obama introduced to Congress in 2009. It called for tax breaks, new job creation, and higher unemployment compensation for jobless Americans.
Sandra Day O'Connor
In 1981, President Ronald Reagan appointed Sandra Day O'Connor as the first female justice on the U.S. Supreme Court.
Laissez faire politics
A political approach favored by U.S. President Ronald Reagan, which called for minimal government intervention and regulation.

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