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Counseling Theories Flashcards

Counseling Theories Flashcards
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Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy
This therapy focuses on changing problematic behaviors and thoughts by examining how behaviors, thoughts, and emotions all influence each other
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Cognitive Therapy
This therapy focuses on reducing psychological anguish through examining and then changing unhelpful thought processes.
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Individual Psychology
Developed by Alfred Adler, this theory is based on the assumption that individuals are socially connected and motivated to change. Adler believes that everyone has control of their feelings, thoughts, and actions
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Psychoanalytic Theory
Freud pioneered this theory that centers on three levels of unconsciousness (unconscious, preconscious, and conscious) and three components of personality (id, superego, and ego).
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When a technique in counseling is proven by scientific research to be effective for specific client needs, it is referred to as _____.
Evidence Based Practice
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Theoretical Purity
Your beliefs really align with one counseling theory and you practice counseling only through that theory.
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Theoretical Eclecticism
You see the benefits of multiple counseling theories, so you use many of them in your regular practice
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Theoretical Models
A collection of beliefs that guide an approach to counseling.
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Flashcard Content Overview

Are you interested in becoming a counselor and want to learn more about the various approaches to counseling? This flashcard set is for you! We will explore some of the major counseling theories, specific therapies within those theories, and ways of applying those theories in your counseling practice.

Front
Back
Theoretical Models
A collection of beliefs that guide an approach to counseling.
Theoretical Eclecticism
You see the benefits of multiple counseling theories, so you use many of them in your regular practice
Theoretical Purity
Your beliefs really align with one counseling theory and you practice counseling only through that theory.
When a technique in counseling is proven by scientific research to be effective for specific client needs, it is referred to as _____.
Evidence Based Practice
Psychoanalytic Theory
Freud pioneered this theory that centers on three levels of unconsciousness (unconscious, preconscious, and conscious) and three components of personality (id, superego, and ego).
Individual Psychology
Developed by Alfred Adler, this theory is based on the assumption that individuals are socially connected and motivated to change. Adler believes that everyone has control of their feelings, thoughts, and actions
Cognitive Therapy
This therapy focuses on reducing psychological anguish through examining and then changing unhelpful thought processes.
Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy
This therapy focuses on changing problematic behaviors and thoughts by examining how behaviors, thoughts, and emotions all influence each other
Behavioral Therapy
This therapeutic approach focuses on eradicating specific behaviors through interventions that have been proven through scientific study to be effective.
Rational Emotive Behavioral Therapy
A form of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy developed by Albert Ellis that asks people to challenge their thought processes and associated actions in order to process thoughts and feelings in a more accurate way.
Reality Therapy
This theory focuses on a person owning their choices and the results of those choices. It centers on the idea that you are the only thing in your life that you can control.
Transactional Analysis Therapy
Developed by Eric Berne, this theory drives change and growth through focusing on a client's personality and the use of some traditional aspects of psychotherapy.
Existential Theory
This theory is more philosophical than others, and it has a lot to with meaning in life. It focuses on the freedom to choose in life, and the consequences of those choices. Do those choices help create more meaning and engagement in your life? Or do they drive meaning away?
Humanistic Theory
Carl Rogers rocked the counseling world when he developed this theory. Humanistic counseling believes that all clients have free will and deserve to be treated with unconditional positive regard by a counselor who is acting in a genuine way
Gestalt Therapy
Fritz Perls developed this theory that deals with the present day and tries to see the client as a whole person with consideration of their environment.
Creative Therapies
This is an umbrella term to classify therapies that offer novel approaches to dealing with problems. Some creative therapies include narrative therapy, creative art therapy, and adventure therapy.
Brief Counseling
This area of counseling is designed to be short in duration with the idea that the client can ultimately solve his or her own issues. Two examples are Brief Strategic Therapy and Solution-Focused Brief Counseling

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