CPU Parts List & Flashcards

CPU Parts List & Flashcards
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Control unit
A type of component that performs multiple functions and often relies on the arithmetic logic unit
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Arithmetic logic unit
A type of component that implements mathematical and logical functions
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Clock rate
The time it takes to process instructions or calculations
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Hertz
The unit of measurement used to define a clock rate
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Integer range
64-bit, 32-bit, and 16-bit refers to a processor's speed
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Duo-core
The use of two computer processors in order to improve the computer's performance
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Quad-core
The use of four computer processors in order to improve the computer's performance
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Parallel computing
The use of multiple computer processors in order to solve complex problems
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Silicon Valley
This area is located in Southern California and was named after the silicon chips from a transistor
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19 cards in set

Flashcard Content Overview

This flashcard set covers information on the central processing unit (CPU), also known as the brains of the computer. Featured cards include definition-based cards on various computer components, such as the arithmetic logic unit (ALU), control unit and cache, using multiple processors to increase performance (duo-core and quad-core) and how to transfer the stream of electricity passing through the processor by using transistors.

Additional Study

To learn more about central processing units please refer to the following lessons:

Front
Back
Silicon Valley
This area is located in Southern California and was named after the silicon chips from a transistor
Parallel computing
The use of multiple computer processors in order to solve complex problems
Quad-core
The use of four computer processors in order to improve the computer's performance
Duo-core
The use of two computer processors in order to improve the computer's performance
Integer range
64-bit, 32-bit, and 16-bit refers to a processor's speed
Hertz
The unit of measurement used to define a clock rate
Clock rate
The time it takes to process instructions or calculations
Arithmetic logic unit
A type of component that implements mathematical and logical functions
Control unit
A type of component that performs multiple functions and often relies on the arithmetic logic unit
Transistors
Tiny units that regulate the stream of electricity passing through the processor
Motherboard
A computer component that stores the CPU and other integral pieces of the system
Microprocessor
A condensed form of multiple components
Types of components
Arithmetic logic units, control units, caches, and microprocessors
Processor
A synonym for the central processing unit
Central processing unit (CPU)
A component of a computer responsible for the basic functioning of the system; Also known as the brains of the computer
To increase a CPU's speed a person can:

Increase the number of transistors,

Decrease the time it takes to process instructions or calculations,

Use larger integer ranges,

Incorporate additional cores

Popular chip manufacturers include _____ and _____
Intel and AMD
Early CPU's could only hold a few transistors. Today, due to innovative technologies CPU's have advanced and now have the capability to hold over _____ billion transistors.
1
The _____ is known as the brains of the computer
Central Processing Unit (CPU)

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