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Cranial Nerves List & Flashcards

Cranial Nerves List & Flashcards
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CN VIII is also known as the _____.
vestibulocochlear nerve
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What are the functions of the facial nerve (CN VII)?
Making facial expressions, tasting, creating saliva, forming tears
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CN VII is also known as the _____.
facial nerve
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What is the function of the abducens nerve (CN VI)?
Controlling eyeball movement
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CN VI is also known as the _____.
abducens nerve
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What are the functions of the trigeminal nerve (CN V)?
Sending sensory information to the face and teeth, chewing food.
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CN V is also known as the _____.
trigeminal nerve
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What is the function of the trochlear nerve (CN IV)?
Controlling eyeball movements
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CN IV is also known as the _____.
trochlear nerve
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What are the functions of the oculomotor nerve (CN III)?
Controlling the pupil and the eyeball
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CN III is also known as the _____.
oculomotor nerve
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What two cranial nerves have some or all structures in the central nervous system instead of the peripheral nervous system?
The olfactory nerve (CN I) (some structures are part of the central nervous system), and the optic nerve (CN II) (all structures are part of the central nervous system)
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What is the function of the optic nerve (CN II)?
Vision
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CN II is also known as the _____.
optic nerve
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What is the function of the olfactory nerve (CN 1)?
Smelling
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CN 1 is also known as the _____.
olfactory nerve
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12 pairs of nerves that come straight from the brain and control sensory information related to vision, smelling, chewing, tasting, and other functions, mostly related to the head
Cranial nerves (CN)
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What major nerves, originating from the brain, do the peripheral nervous system include?
Cranial nerves
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The part of the nervous system that exists outside the brain and spinal cord
Peripheral nervous system
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Name the 12 cranial nerves
Olfactory, optic, oculomotor, trochlear, trigeminal, abducens, facial, vestibulocochlear, glossopharyngeal, vagus, accessory, and hypoglossal
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Flashcard Content Overview

There are 12 main nerves in the brain and each nerve has one or several functions. These nerves are the olfactory, optic, oculomotor, trochlear, trigeminal, abducens, facial, vestibulocochlear, glossopharyngeal, vagus, accessory and hypoglossal.

This flashcard set encompasses the terminology concerning the functions of the cranial nerves, as well as includes several images, to help you understand and identify these nerves. The flashcards cover the peripheral nervous system, the main cranial nerves I-XII, as well as the 'extra' cranial nerve, XIII.

Front
Back
Name the 12 cranial nerves
Olfactory, optic, oculomotor, trochlear, trigeminal, abducens, facial, vestibulocochlear, glossopharyngeal, vagus, accessory, and hypoglossal
The part of the nervous system that exists outside the brain and spinal cord
Peripheral nervous system
What major nerves, originating from the brain, do the peripheral nervous system include?
Cranial nerves
12 pairs of nerves that come straight from the brain and control sensory information related to vision, smelling, chewing, tasting, and other functions, mostly related to the head
Cranial nerves (CN)
CN 1 is also known as the _____.
olfactory nerve
What is the function of the olfactory nerve (CN 1)?
Smelling
CN II is also known as the _____.
optic nerve
What is the function of the optic nerve (CN II)?
Vision
What two cranial nerves have some or all structures in the central nervous system instead of the peripheral nervous system?
The olfactory nerve (CN I) (some structures are part of the central nervous system), and the optic nerve (CN II) (all structures are part of the central nervous system)
CN III is also known as the _____.
oculomotor nerve
What are the functions of the oculomotor nerve (CN III)?
Controlling the pupil and the eyeball
CN IV is also known as the _____.
trochlear nerve
What is the function of the trochlear nerve (CN IV)?
Controlling eyeball movements
CN V is also known as the _____.
trigeminal nerve
What are the functions of the trigeminal nerve (CN V)?
Sending sensory information to the face and teeth, chewing food.
CN VI is also known as the _____.
abducens nerve
What is the function of the abducens nerve (CN VI)?
Controlling eyeball movement
CN VII is also known as the _____.
facial nerve
What are the functions of the facial nerve (CN VII)?
Making facial expressions, tasting, creating saliva, forming tears
CN VIII is also known as the _____.
vestibulocochlear nerve
What are the functions of the vestibulocochlear nerve (CN VIII)?
Hearing and balance
CN IX is also known as the _____.
glossopharyngeal nerve
CN X is also known as the _____.
vagus nerve
What are the functions of the vagus nerve (CN X)?
Transmitting information inside the brain, sending information to the chest and stomach area
CN XI is also known as the _____.
accessory nerve
What is the function of the accessory nerve (CN XI)?
Controlling the neck muscles
The CN XII is also known as the _____.
hypoglossal nerve
What is the function of the hypoglossal nerve (CN XII)?
Controlling the tongue muscles
What are three other names for the cranial nerve?
CN XIII, CN 0, or the nervus terminalis
What is believed to be the function of the cranial nerve?
Reproductive behavior in adults
Identify the nerve in this image
Olfactory nerve
Identify CN I - CN VI

CN I- olfactory

CN II- optic

CN III- oculomotor

CN IV- trochlear

CN V- trigeminal

CN VI- abducens

Identify CN VII - CN XII

CN VII- facial

CN VIII- vestibulocochlear

CN IX- glossopharyngeal

CN X- vagus

CN XI- accessory

CN XII- hypoglossal

Identify the circled nerve
Optic nerve
Identify the circled nerve
Abducens
Identify the circled nerve
Hypoglossal
Identify the circled nerve
Trochlear
Identify the circled nerve
Vestibulocochlear
Identify the circled nerve
Accessory
Identify the circled nerve
Trigeminal
Identify the circled nerve
Facial
Identify the circled nerve
Glossopharyngeal
Identify the circled nerve
Vagus
What are the functions of the glossopharyngeal nerve (CN IX)?
Carrying taste from the back of the tongue and controlling swallowing
Identify the circled nerve.
Olfactory
Identify the circled nerve
Oculomotor
Identify the missing cranial nerves, from top to bottom, left side to right side.
Olfactory, oculomotor, vestibulocochlear, accessory, facial
Identify the missing cranial nerve.
Abducens
Identify the missing cranial nerve.
Glossopharyngeal
Identify the missing cranial nerve.
Trigeminal
Identify the missing cranial nerve.
Optic
Identify the missing cranial nerve.
Trochlear
Identify the missing nerve
Vagus

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