Drug Counseling Flashcards

Drug Counseling Flashcards
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Depressant
This type of drug works to impair your body's ability to function by slowing it down. This can cause feelings of carelessness and reduce pain. Alcohol is an example of this.
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Identify the type of drug that acts as a pain killer and can be extremely addictive. Examples are oxycodone or heroin.
These are opiates.
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Identify the category of psychoactive drugs that work to increase the speed or heighten the arousal of the user's body.
These are stimulants. Well known examples of stimulants include caffeine, cocaine, and methamphetamine.
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Identify the four categories of psychoactive drugs.
Stimulant, Opiate, Depressant, and Hallucinogen
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Define the term psychoactive.
Psychoactive means something that impacts the mind. Psychoactive drugs are substances that affect the user's mind.
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Identify the label that has historically been given to the abuse of more than three substances.
This was referred to as polysubstance abuse. This is no longer acknowledged as a specific disorder, but is still used from time to time.
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When an individual experiences undesirable mental or physical symptoms after discontinuing the use of a substance, this is called _____.
withdrawal Symptoms of withdrawal vary, depending on the substance and the user, but can range from nausea and vomiting to seizures or even death.
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Describe what is meant by the term 'substance dependence.'
An individual who has a substance dependence disorder cannot live or function on a day-to-day basis without the substance.
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Describe what is meant by the term 'substance abuse.'
Substance abuse refers to a disorder resulting from the over use of a substance that results in negative daily consequences.
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Describe what is meant by the term 'substance use.'
The term 'substance use' refers to the usage of a substance, such as alcohol, that one is not dependent on.
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Flashcard Content Overview

The first step in working with an individual who is in counseling for drug usage is understanding terminology related to the different levels of dependency and different classifications of drugs. While counseling can be specific to the individual, the way drugs work often cause broad symptoms in most people, as is outlined in these flashcards. Use these flashcards to deepen your knowledge of many different drugs and drug treatment programs.

Front
Back
Describe what is meant by the term 'substance use.'
The term 'substance use' refers to the usage of a substance, such as alcohol, that one is not dependent on.
Describe what is meant by the term 'substance abuse.'
Substance abuse refers to a disorder resulting from the over use of a substance that results in negative daily consequences.
Describe what is meant by the term 'substance dependence.'
An individual who has a substance dependence disorder cannot live or function on a day-to-day basis without the substance.
When an individual experiences undesirable mental or physical symptoms after discontinuing the use of a substance, this is called _____.
withdrawal Symptoms of withdrawal vary, depending on the substance and the user, but can range from nausea and vomiting to seizures or even death.
Identify the label that has historically been given to the abuse of more than three substances.
This was referred to as polysubstance abuse. This is no longer acknowledged as a specific disorder, but is still used from time to time.
Define the term psychoactive.
Psychoactive means something that impacts the mind. Psychoactive drugs are substances that affect the user's mind.
Identify the four categories of psychoactive drugs.
Stimulant, Opiate, Depressant, and Hallucinogen
Identify the category of psychoactive drugs that work to increase the speed or heighten the arousal of the user's body.
These are stimulants. Well known examples of stimulants include caffeine, cocaine, and methamphetamine.
Identify the type of drug that acts as a pain killer and can be extremely addictive. Examples are oxycodone or heroin.
These are opiates.
Depressant
This type of drug works to impair your body's ability to function by slowing it down. This can cause feelings of carelessness and reduce pain. Alcohol is an example of this.
Hallucinogen
This type of drug impacts the user's perception of reality; using these drugs is commonly referred to as 'tripping.' Examples include LSD and psilocybin (shrooms, or mushrooms).
Inpatient Treatment
In this kind of treatment placement, an individual resides in the treatment facility. It can lasts weeks to months and is often referred to as residential treatment.
Outpatient Treatment
An individual in this type of placement will attend therapy sessions and undergo other treatments at a treatment center while still living at home. This can also be called community treatment.
Identify the term applied to what occurs when someone takes a possibly lethal amount of a drug.
A drug overdose can lead to death when someone ingests a large amount of a substance that his or her body cannot tolerate.
Methadone, Buprenorphine, and Naltrexone can all be used as a pharmacological way to treat _____ withdrawal.
heroin Heroin addiction is most commonly treated through a combination of medical and inpatient treatment programs.
Anabolic Steroids
These drugs are often used to increase performance abilities in athletes by upping the testosterone levels in the individuals. Among other side effects, use can cause increased aggressive behaviors.
Inhalants
These are in a class of drugs that enter the system through the inhalation of vapors. Examples include spray paint and whipped-cream containers.
Cognitive-Behavior Therapy (CBT)
In this therapy, a person's actions, feelings, and thoughts are examined. In this practice, a therapist may work on cognitive-behavior modification to change undesired actions, like addiction.
Group Therapy
In this type of therapy, generally groups (3 or more) of individuals facing similar issues gather to discuss strategies to overcome their addiction. It is overseen by a therapist.
Detoxification (or detox)
A medically-supervised program to help an individual wean off of a substance.
Name the six steps of drug or substance addiction therapy.
Pre-contemplation, Contemplation, Preparation, Action, Maintenance, and Recurrence

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